The role of pre-primary classes on school-age cognition in rural Nepal

Devan Jaganath, Subarna K. Khatry, Laura E. Murray-Kolb, Steven C. Leclerq, Parul Christian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives In rural Nepal, we assessed the factors associated with pre-primary school attendance and its relationship to cognitive testing and school progress. Study design Sociodemographic, household, and schooling data were collected among 1466 children age 7-9 years from Sarlahi, Nepal. We performed the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test, backward digit span, go/no-go test, Movement Assessment Battery for Children, finger-tapping test, and Stroop numbers test. We conducted adjusted regression analyses to determine the association of pre-primary school attendance with test results and school progress. Results We found that pre-primary class enrollment was lower among children of female sex, Madheshi ethnicity, and low socioeconomic status. In adjusted analyses, pre-primary school enrollment was associated with beneficial scores on all cognitive tests. In addition, children who attended pre-primary school were less likely to repeat grade 1 (prevalence ratio 0.15, 95% CI 0.08-0.30, P <.001) or ever fail a grade (prevalence ratio 0.48, 95% CI 0.26-0.90, P =.02). Conclusions In rural Nepal, there continue to be disparities in pre-primary school attendance; however, independent of these factors, pre-primary school attendance was associated with benefits in multiple cognitive domains and early school performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-722
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume166
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Fingerprint

Nepal
Cognition
Stroop Test
Intelligence Tests
Social Class
Fingers
Regression Analysis
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Jaganath, Devan ; Khatry, Subarna K. ; Murray-Kolb, Laura E. ; Leclerq, Steven C. ; Christian, Parul. / The role of pre-primary classes on school-age cognition in rural Nepal. In: Journal of Pediatrics. 2015 ; Vol. 166, No. 3. pp. 717-722.
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The role of pre-primary classes on school-age cognition in rural Nepal. / Jaganath, Devan; Khatry, Subarna K.; Murray-Kolb, Laura E.; Leclerq, Steven C.; Christian, Parul.

In: Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 166, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. 717-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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