The role of sulfur in the synthesis of novel carbon morphologies: From covalent Y-junctions to sea-urchin-like structures

José M. Romo-Herrera, David A. Cullen, Eduardo Cruz-Silva, Daniel Ramirez, Bobby G. Sumpter, V. Meunier, Humberto Terrones, David J. Smith, Mauricio Terrones Maldonado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

A detailed characterization, using high resolution electron microscopy/ microanalysis (SEM, TEM, HRTEM, and EDX), reveals tubular carbon nanostructures exhibiting complex and fascinating morphologies. The materials were obtained by sulfur-assisted chemical vapor deposition. It is demonstrated that S not only acts on the catalyst, but also can be detected in the carbon lattice of the nanostructures. The experimental data presented here confirms the critical role of S, which is responsible for inducing curvature and therefore influencing the final carbon nanostructure morphology. In particular, different types of covalent Y-junctions of CNTs and even sea urchin-like nanostructures were produced and their experimental conditions are listed and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1193-1199
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Romo-Herrera, J. M., Cullen, D. A., Cruz-Silva, E., Ramirez, D., Sumpter, B. G., Meunier, V., Terrones, H., Smith, D. J., & Terrones Maldonado, M. (2009). The role of sulfur in the synthesis of novel carbon morphologies: From covalent Y-junctions to sea-urchin-like structures. Advanced Functional Materials, 19(8), 1193-1199. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200800931