The route of prolonged morphine administration affects the pattern of its metabolites in the urine of chronically treated patients

Piotr Janicki, W. A R Erskine, M. F M James

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Abstract

Differences in the patterns of urinary morphine metabolites were determined in 15 patients after the prolonged administration of morphine via various routes (oral, subcutaneous, intravenous). The possible correlation between metabolite pattern and the route of prolonged morphine administration was investigated. It was established that the concentration ratios of the active metabolite, morphine-6-glucuronide to morphine and its inactive metabolite, morphine-3-glucuronide are significantly (p < 0.05) higher after prolonged oral morphine treatment than after the systemic administration (subcutaneous or intravenous infusion) of morphine. It may therefore be concluded that patients receiving morphine orally produced significantly greater amounts of its pharmacologically more active metabolite than patients subjected to chronic systemic morphine treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-393
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry
Volume29
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991

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Metabolites
Morphine
Urine
Subcutaneous Infusions
Intravenous Infusions
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Differences in the patterns of urinary morphine metabolites were determined in 15 patients after the prolonged administration of morphine via various routes (oral, subcutaneous, intravenous). The possible correlation between metabolite pattern and the route of prolonged morphine administration was investigated. It was established that the concentration ratios of the active metabolite, morphine-6-glucuronide to morphine and its inactive metabolite, morphine-3-glucuronide are significantly (p < 0.05) higher after prolonged oral morphine treatment than after the systemic administration (subcutaneous or intravenous infusion) of morphine. It may therefore be concluded that patients receiving morphine orally produced significantly greater amounts of its pharmacologically more active metabolite than patients subjected to chronic systemic morphine treatment.",
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AB - Differences in the patterns of urinary morphine metabolites were determined in 15 patients after the prolonged administration of morphine via various routes (oral, subcutaneous, intravenous). The possible correlation between metabolite pattern and the route of prolonged morphine administration was investigated. It was established that the concentration ratios of the active metabolite, morphine-6-glucuronide to morphine and its inactive metabolite, morphine-3-glucuronide are significantly (p < 0.05) higher after prolonged oral morphine treatment than after the systemic administration (subcutaneous or intravenous infusion) of morphine. It may therefore be concluded that patients receiving morphine orally produced significantly greater amounts of its pharmacologically more active metabolite than patients subjected to chronic systemic morphine treatment.

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