The RTS1 gene encodes a subunit of the PP2A phosphatase that regulates cell cycle progression. Ace2 and Swi5 are cell cycle-regulated transcription factors, and we recently showed that phosphorylation of Ace2 and Swi5 is altered in an rts1 mutant. Here we examine expression of Ace2 and Swi5 target genes and find that an rts1 mutation markedly reduces expression of the HO gene. The decreased HO expression in an rts1 mutant is significantly restored by an additional ace2 mutation, a surprising result because HO is normally activated by Swi5 but not by Ace2. Ace2 normally accumulates only in daughter cells, and only activates transcription in daughters. However, in an rts1 mutant, Ace2 is present in both mother and daughter cells. One of the genes activated by Ace2 is ASH1, a protein that normally accumulates mostly in daughter cells; Ash1 is a transcriptional repressor, and it blocks HO expression in daughters. We show that in the rts1 mutant, Ace2 accumulation in mother cells results in Ash1 expression in mothers, and the Ash1 can now repress HO expression in mothers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology