The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Overview and early data

Kyle S. Dawson, Jean Paul Kneib, Will J. Percival, Shadab Alam, Franco D. Albareti, Scott F. Anderson, Eric Armengaud, Éric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Julian E. Bautista, Andreas A. Berlind, Matthew A. Bershady, Florian Beutler, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, Adam S. Bolton, Jo Bovy, W. N. Brandt, Jon BrinkmannJoel R. Brownstein, Etienne Burtin, N. G. Busca, Zheng Cai, Chia Hsun Chuang, Nicolas Clerc, Johan Comparat, Frances Cope, Rupert A.C. Croft, Irene Cruz-Gonzalez, Luiz N. Da Costa, Marie Claude Cousinou, Jeremy Darling, Axel De La MacOrra, Sylvain De La Torre, Timothée Delubac, Hélion Du Mas Des Bourboux, Tom Dwelly, Anne Ealet, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Michael Eracleous, S. Escoffier, Xiaohui Fan, Alexis Finoguenov, Andreu Font-Ribera, Peter Frinchaboy, Patrick Gaulme, Antonis Georgakakis, Paul Green, Hong Guo, Julien Guy, Shirley Ho, Diana Holder, Joe Huehnerhoff, Timothy Hutchinson, Yipeng Jing, Eric Jullo, Vikrant Kamble, Karen Kinemuchi, David Kirkby, Francisco Shu Kitaura, Mark A. Klaene, Russ R. Laher, Dustin Lang, Pierre Laurent, Jean Marc Le Goff, Cheng Li, Yu Liang, Marcos Lima, Qiufan Lin, Weipeng Lin, Yen Ting Lin, Daniel C. Long, Britt Lundgren, Nicholas MacDonald, Marcio Antonio Geimba Maia, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Vivek Mariappan, Cameron K. McBride, Ian D. McGreer, Brice Ménard, Andrea Merloni, Andres Meza, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Demitri Muna, Adam D. Myers, Kirpal Nandra, Tracy Naugle, Jeffrey A. Newman, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Peter Nugent, Ricardo Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Audrey Oravetz, Daniel J. Oravetz, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, John A. Peacock, Patrick Petitjean, Matthew M. Pieri, Alice Pisani, Francisco Prada, Abhishek Prakash, Anand Raichoor, Beth Reid, James Rich, Jethro Ridl, Sergio Rodriguez-Torres, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Ashley J. Ross, Graziano Rossi, John Ruan, Mara Salvato, Conor Sayres, Donald P. Schneider, David J. Schlegel, Uros Seljak, Hee Jong Seo, Branimir Sesar, Sarah Shandera, Yiping Shu, Anže Slosar, Flavia Sobreira, Alina Streblyanska, Nao Suzuki, Donna Taylor, Charling Tao, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Mariana Vargas-Magaña, Yuting Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Martin White, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Christophe Yeche, Zhongxu Zhai, Cheng Zhao, Gong Bo Zhao, Zheng Zheng, Guangtun Ben Zhu, Hu Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a six-year program started in 2014 July, the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) will conduct novel cosmological observations using the BOSS spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory. These observations will be conducted simultaneously with the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey (TDSS) designed for variability studies and the Spectroscopic Identification of eROSITA Sources (SPIDERS) program designed for studies of X-ray sources. In particular, eBOSS will measure with percent-level precision the distance-redshift relation with baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter. eBOSS will use four different tracers of the underlying matter density field to vastly expand the volume covered by BOSS and map the large-scale-structures over the relatively unconstrained redshift range 0.6 < z < 2.2. Using more than 250,000 new, spectroscopically confirmed luminous red galaxies at a median redshift z = 0.72, we project that eBOSS will yield measurements of the angular diameter distance dA(z) to an accuracy of 1.2% and measurements of H(z) to 2.1% when combined with the z > 0.6 sample of BOSS galaxies. With ∼195,000 new emission line galaxy redshifts, we expect BAO measurements of dA(z) to an accuracy of 3.1% and H(z) to 4.7% at an effective redshift of z = 0.87. A sample of more than 500,000 spectroscopically confirmed quasars will provide the first BAO distance measurements over the redshift range 0.9 < z < 2.2, with expected precision of 2.8% and 4.2% on dA(z) and H(z), respectively. Finally, with 60,000 new quasars and re-observation of 60,000 BOSS quasars, we will obtain new Lyα forest measurements at redshifts z > 2.1; these new data will enhance the precision of dA(z) and H(z) at z > 2.1 by a factor of 1.44 relative to BOSS. Furthermore, eBOSS will provide improved tests of General Relativity on cosmological scales through redshift-space distortion measurements, improved tests for non-Gaussianity in the primordial density field, and new constraints on the summed mass of all neutrino species. Here, we provide an overview of the cosmological goals, spectroscopic target sample, demonstration of spectral quality from early data, and projected cosmological constraints from eBOSS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number44
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

baryons
oscillation
oscillations
acoustics
source programs
galaxies
quasars
spectrographs
tracers
relativity
observatories
neutrinos
observatory
tracer
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Dawson, K. S., Kneib, J. P., Percival, W. J., Alam, S., Albareti, F. D., Anderson, S. F., ... Zou, H. (2016). The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Overview and early data. Astronomical Journal, 151(2), [44]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44
Dawson, Kyle S. ; Kneib, Jean Paul ; Percival, Will J. ; Alam, Shadab ; Albareti, Franco D. ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Armengaud, Eric ; Aubourg, Éric ; Bailey, Stephen ; Bautista, Julian E. ; Berlind, Andreas A. ; Bershady, Matthew A. ; Beutler, Florian ; Bizyaev, Dmitry ; Blanton, Michael R. ; Blomqvist, Michael ; Bolton, Adam S. ; Bovy, Jo ; Brandt, W. N. ; Brinkmann, Jon ; Brownstein, Joel R. ; Burtin, Etienne ; Busca, N. G. ; Cai, Zheng ; Chuang, Chia Hsun ; Clerc, Nicolas ; Comparat, Johan ; Cope, Frances ; Croft, Rupert A.C. ; Cruz-Gonzalez, Irene ; Da Costa, Luiz N. ; Cousinou, Marie Claude ; Darling, Jeremy ; De La MacOrra, Axel ; De La Torre, Sylvain ; Delubac, Timothée ; Du Mas Des Bourboux, Hélion ; Dwelly, Tom ; Ealet, Anne ; Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Eracleous, Michael ; Escoffier, S. ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Finoguenov, Alexis ; Font-Ribera, Andreu ; Frinchaboy, Peter ; Gaulme, Patrick ; Georgakakis, Antonis ; Green, Paul ; Guo, Hong ; Guy, Julien ; Ho, Shirley ; Holder, Diana ; Huehnerhoff, Joe ; Hutchinson, Timothy ; Jing, Yipeng ; Jullo, Eric ; Kamble, Vikrant ; Kinemuchi, Karen ; Kirkby, David ; Kitaura, Francisco Shu ; Klaene, Mark A. ; Laher, Russ R. ; Lang, Dustin ; Laurent, Pierre ; Goff, Jean Marc Le ; Li, Cheng ; Liang, Yu ; Lima, Marcos ; Lin, Qiufan ; Lin, Weipeng ; Lin, Yen Ting ; Long, Daniel C. ; Lundgren, Britt ; MacDonald, Nicholas ; Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba ; Malanushenko, Elena ; Malanushenko, Viktor ; Mariappan, Vivek ; McBride, Cameron K. ; McGreer, Ian D. ; Ménard, Brice ; Merloni, Andrea ; Meza, Andres ; Montero-Dorta, Antonio D. ; Muna, Demitri ; Myers, Adam D. ; Nandra, Kirpal ; Naugle, Tracy ; Newman, Jeffrey A. ; Noterdaeme, Pasquier ; Nugent, Peter ; Ogando, Ricardo ; Olmstead, Matthew D. ; Oravetz, Audrey ; Oravetz, Daniel J. ; Padmanabhan, Nikhil ; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie ; Pan, Kaike ; Parejko, John K. ; Pâris, Isabelle ; Peacock, John A. ; Petitjean, Patrick ; Pieri, Matthew M. ; Pisani, Alice ; Prada, Francisco ; Prakash, Abhishek ; Raichoor, Anand ; Reid, Beth ; Rich, James ; Ridl, Jethro ; Rodriguez-Torres, Sergio ; Rosell, Aurelio Carnero ; Ross, Ashley J. ; Rossi, Graziano ; Ruan, John ; Salvato, Mara ; Sayres, Conor ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Schlegel, David J. ; Seljak, Uros ; Seo, Hee Jong ; Sesar, Branimir ; Shandera, Sarah ; Shu, Yiping ; Slosar, Anže ; Sobreira, Flavia ; Streblyanska, Alina ; Suzuki, Nao ; Taylor, Donna ; Tao, Charling ; Tinker, Jeremy L. ; Tojeiro, Rita ; Vargas-Magaña, Mariana ; Wang, Yuting ; Weaver, Benjamin A. ; Weinberg, David H. ; White, Martin ; Wood-Vasey, W. M. ; Yeche, Christophe ; Zhai, Zhongxu ; Zhao, Cheng ; Zhao, Gong Bo ; Zheng, Zheng ; Zhu, Guangtun Ben ; Zou, Hu. / The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey : Overview and early data. In: Astronomical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 151, No. 2.
@article{a9f774e04cca49a0bb62f04d6d359e37,
title = "The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Overview and early data",
abstract = "In a six-year program started in 2014 July, the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) will conduct novel cosmological observations using the BOSS spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory. These observations will be conducted simultaneously with the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey (TDSS) designed for variability studies and the Spectroscopic Identification of eROSITA Sources (SPIDERS) program designed for studies of X-ray sources. In particular, eBOSS will measure with percent-level precision the distance-redshift relation with baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter. eBOSS will use four different tracers of the underlying matter density field to vastly expand the volume covered by BOSS and map the large-scale-structures over the relatively unconstrained redshift range 0.6 < z < 2.2. Using more than 250,000 new, spectroscopically confirmed luminous red galaxies at a median redshift z = 0.72, we project that eBOSS will yield measurements of the angular diameter distance dA(z) to an accuracy of 1.2{\%} and measurements of H(z) to 2.1{\%} when combined with the z > 0.6 sample of BOSS galaxies. With ∼195,000 new emission line galaxy redshifts, we expect BAO measurements of dA(z) to an accuracy of 3.1{\%} and H(z) to 4.7{\%} at an effective redshift of z = 0.87. A sample of more than 500,000 spectroscopically confirmed quasars will provide the first BAO distance measurements over the redshift range 0.9 < z < 2.2, with expected precision of 2.8{\%} and 4.2{\%} on dA(z) and H(z), respectively. Finally, with 60,000 new quasars and re-observation of 60,000 BOSS quasars, we will obtain new Lyα forest measurements at redshifts z > 2.1; these new data will enhance the precision of dA(z) and H(z) at z > 2.1 by a factor of 1.44 relative to BOSS. Furthermore, eBOSS will provide improved tests of General Relativity on cosmological scales through redshift-space distortion measurements, improved tests for non-Gaussianity in the primordial density field, and new constraints on the summed mass of all neutrino species. Here, we provide an overview of the cosmological goals, spectroscopic target sample, demonstration of spectral quality from early data, and projected cosmological constraints from eBOSS.",
author = "Dawson, {Kyle S.} and Kneib, {Jean Paul} and Percival, {Will J.} and Shadab Alam and Albareti, {Franco D.} and Anderson, {Scott F.} and Eric Armengaud and {\'E}ric Aubourg and Stephen Bailey and Bautista, {Julian E.} and Berlind, {Andreas A.} and Bershady, {Matthew A.} and Florian Beutler and Dmitry Bizyaev and Blanton, {Michael R.} and Michael Blomqvist and Bolton, {Adam S.} and Jo Bovy and Brandt, {W. N.} and Jon Brinkmann and Brownstein, {Joel R.} and Etienne Burtin and Busca, {N. G.} and Zheng Cai and Chuang, {Chia Hsun} and Nicolas Clerc and Johan Comparat and Frances Cope and Croft, {Rupert A.C.} and Irene Cruz-Gonzalez and {Da Costa}, {Luiz N.} and Cousinou, {Marie Claude} and Jeremy Darling and {De La MacOrra}, Axel and {De La Torre}, Sylvain and Timoth{\'e}e Delubac and {Du Mas Des Bourboux}, H{\'e}lion and Tom Dwelly and Anne Ealet and Eisenstein, {Daniel J.} and Michael Eracleous and S. Escoffier and Xiaohui Fan and Alexis Finoguenov and Andreu Font-Ribera and Peter Frinchaboy and Patrick Gaulme and Antonis Georgakakis and Paul Green and Hong Guo and Julien Guy and Shirley Ho and Diana Holder and Joe Huehnerhoff and Timothy Hutchinson and Yipeng Jing and Eric Jullo and Vikrant Kamble and Karen Kinemuchi and David Kirkby and Kitaura, {Francisco Shu} and Klaene, {Mark A.} and Laher, {Russ R.} and Dustin Lang and Pierre Laurent and Goff, {Jean Marc Le} and Cheng Li and Yu Liang and Marcos Lima and Qiufan Lin and Weipeng Lin and Lin, {Yen Ting} and Long, {Daniel C.} and Britt Lundgren and Nicholas MacDonald and Maia, {Marcio Antonio Geimba} and Elena Malanushenko and Viktor Malanushenko and Vivek Mariappan and McBride, {Cameron K.} and McGreer, {Ian D.} and Brice M{\'e}nard and Andrea Merloni and Andres Meza and Montero-Dorta, {Antonio D.} and Demitri Muna and Myers, {Adam D.} and Kirpal Nandra and Tracy Naugle and Newman, {Jeffrey A.} and Pasquier Noterdaeme and Peter Nugent and Ricardo Ogando and Olmstead, {Matthew D.} and Audrey Oravetz and Oravetz, {Daniel J.} and Nikhil Padmanabhan and Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille and Kaike Pan and Parejko, {John K.} and Isabelle P{\^a}ris and Peacock, {John A.} and Patrick Petitjean and Pieri, {Matthew M.} and Alice Pisani and Francisco Prada and Abhishek Prakash and Anand Raichoor and Beth Reid and James Rich and Jethro Ridl and Sergio Rodriguez-Torres and Rosell, {Aurelio Carnero} and Ross, {Ashley J.} and Graziano Rossi and John Ruan and Mara Salvato and Conor Sayres and Schneider, {Donald P.} and Schlegel, {David J.} and Uros Seljak and Seo, {Hee Jong} and Branimir Sesar and Sarah Shandera and Yiping Shu and Anže Slosar and Flavia Sobreira and Alina Streblyanska and Nao Suzuki and Donna Taylor and Charling Tao and Tinker, {Jeremy L.} and Rita Tojeiro and Mariana Vargas-Maga{\~n}a and Yuting Wang and Weaver, {Benjamin A.} and Weinberg, {David H.} and Martin White and Wood-Vasey, {W. M.} and Christophe Yeche and Zhongxu Zhai and Cheng Zhao and Zhao, {Gong Bo} and Zheng Zheng and Zhu, {Guangtun Ben} and Hu Zou",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "151",
journal = "Astronomical Journal",
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Dawson, KS, Kneib, JP, Percival, WJ, Alam, S, Albareti, FD, Anderson, SF, Armengaud, E, Aubourg, É, Bailey, S, Bautista, JE, Berlind, AA, Bershady, MA, Beutler, F, Bizyaev, D, Blanton, MR, Blomqvist, M, Bolton, AS, Bovy, J, Brandt, WN, Brinkmann, J, Brownstein, JR, Burtin, E, Busca, NG, Cai, Z, Chuang, CH, Clerc, N, Comparat, J, Cope, F, Croft, RAC, Cruz-Gonzalez, I, Da Costa, LN, Cousinou, MC, Darling, J, De La MacOrra, A, De La Torre, S, Delubac, T, Du Mas Des Bourboux, H, Dwelly, T, Ealet, A, Eisenstein, DJ, Eracleous, M, Escoffier, S, Fan, X, Finoguenov, A, Font-Ribera, A, Frinchaboy, P, Gaulme, P, Georgakakis, A, Green, P, Guo, H, Guy, J, Ho, S, Holder, D, Huehnerhoff, J, Hutchinson, T, Jing, Y, Jullo, E, Kamble, V, Kinemuchi, K, Kirkby, D, Kitaura, FS, Klaene, MA, Laher, RR, Lang, D, Laurent, P, Goff, JML, Li, C, Liang, Y, Lima, M, Lin, Q, Lin, W, Lin, YT, Long, DC, Lundgren, B, MacDonald, N, Maia, MAG, Malanushenko, E, Malanushenko, V, Mariappan, V, McBride, CK, McGreer, ID, Ménard, B, Merloni, A, Meza, A, Montero-Dorta, AD, Muna, D, Myers, AD, Nandra, K, Naugle, T, Newman, JA, Noterdaeme, P, Nugent, P, Ogando, R, Olmstead, MD, Oravetz, A, Oravetz, DJ, Padmanabhan, N, Palanque-Delabrouille, N, Pan, K, Parejko, JK, Pâris, I, Peacock, JA, Petitjean, P, Pieri, MM, Pisani, A, Prada, F, Prakash, A, Raichoor, A, Reid, B, Rich, J, Ridl, J, Rodriguez-Torres, S, Rosell, AC, Ross, AJ, Rossi, G, Ruan, J, Salvato, M, Sayres, C, Schneider, DP, Schlegel, DJ, Seljak, U, Seo, HJ, Sesar, B, Shandera, S, Shu, Y, Slosar, A, Sobreira, F, Streblyanska, A, Suzuki, N, Taylor, D, Tao, C, Tinker, JL, Tojeiro, R, Vargas-Magaña, M, Wang, Y, Weaver, BA, Weinberg, DH, White, M, Wood-Vasey, WM, Yeche, C, Zhai, Z, Zhao, C, Zhao, GB, Zheng, Z, Zhu, GB & Zou, H 2016, 'The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Overview and early data', Astronomical Journal, vol. 151, no. 2, 44. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44

The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey : Overview and early data. / Dawson, Kyle S.; Kneib, Jean Paul; Percival, Will J.; Alam, Shadab; Albareti, Franco D.; Anderson, Scott F.; Armengaud, Eric; Aubourg, Éric; Bailey, Stephen; Bautista, Julian E.; Berlind, Andreas A.; Bershady, Matthew A.; Beutler, Florian; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blanton, Michael R.; Blomqvist, Michael; Bolton, Adam S.; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, W. N.; Brinkmann, Jon; Brownstein, Joel R.; Burtin, Etienne; Busca, N. G.; Cai, Zheng; Chuang, Chia Hsun; Clerc, Nicolas; Comparat, Johan; Cope, Frances; Croft, Rupert A.C.; Cruz-Gonzalez, Irene; Da Costa, Luiz N.; Cousinou, Marie Claude; Darling, Jeremy; De La MacOrra, Axel; De La Torre, Sylvain; Delubac, Timothée; Du Mas Des Bourboux, Hélion; Dwelly, Tom; Ealet, Anne; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Eracleous, Michael; Escoffier, S.; Fan, Xiaohui; Finoguenov, Alexis; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Frinchaboy, Peter; Gaulme, Patrick; Georgakakis, Antonis; Green, Paul; Guo, Hong; Guy, Julien; Ho, Shirley; Holder, Diana; Huehnerhoff, Joe; Hutchinson, Timothy; Jing, Yipeng; Jullo, Eric; Kamble, Vikrant; Kinemuchi, Karen; Kirkby, David; Kitaura, Francisco Shu; Klaene, Mark A.; Laher, Russ R.; Lang, Dustin; Laurent, Pierre; Goff, Jean Marc Le; Li, Cheng; Liang, Yu; Lima, Marcos; Lin, Qiufan; Lin, Weipeng; Lin, Yen Ting; Long, Daniel C.; Lundgren, Britt; MacDonald, Nicholas; Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Mariappan, Vivek; McBride, Cameron K.; McGreer, Ian D.; Ménard, Brice; Merloni, Andrea; Meza, Andres; Montero-Dorta, Antonio D.; Muna, Demitri; Myers, Adam D.; Nandra, Kirpal; Naugle, Tracy; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; Nugent, Peter; Ogando, Ricardo; Olmstead, Matthew D.; Oravetz, Audrey; Oravetz, Daniel J.; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Parejko, John K.; Pâris, Isabelle; Peacock, John A.; Petitjean, Patrick; Pieri, Matthew M.; Pisani, Alice; Prada, Francisco; Prakash, Abhishek; Raichoor, Anand; Reid, Beth; Rich, James; Ridl, Jethro; Rodriguez-Torres, Sergio; Rosell, Aurelio Carnero; Ross, Ashley J.; Rossi, Graziano; Ruan, John; Salvato, Mara; Sayres, Conor; Schneider, Donald P.; Schlegel, David J.; Seljak, Uros; Seo, Hee Jong; Sesar, Branimir; Shandera, Sarah; Shu, Yiping; Slosar, Anže; Sobreira, Flavia; Streblyanska, Alina; Suzuki, Nao; Taylor, Donna; Tao, Charling; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Tojeiro, Rita; Vargas-Magaña, Mariana; Wang, Yuting; Weaver, Benjamin A.; Weinberg, David H.; White, Martin; Wood-Vasey, W. M.; Yeche, Christophe; Zhai, Zhongxu; Zhao, Cheng; Zhao, Gong Bo; Zheng, Zheng; Zhu, Guangtun Ben; Zou, Hu.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 151, No. 2, 44, 01.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey

T2 - Overview and early data

AU - Dawson, Kyle S.

AU - Kneib, Jean Paul

AU - Percival, Will J.

AU - Alam, Shadab

AU - Albareti, Franco D.

AU - Anderson, Scott F.

AU - Armengaud, Eric

AU - Aubourg, Éric

AU - Bailey, Stephen

AU - Bautista, Julian E.

AU - Berlind, Andreas A.

AU - Bershady, Matthew A.

AU - Beutler, Florian

AU - Bizyaev, Dmitry

AU - Blanton, Michael R.

AU - Blomqvist, Michael

AU - Bolton, Adam S.

AU - Bovy, Jo

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Brinkmann, Jon

AU - Brownstein, Joel R.

AU - Burtin, Etienne

AU - Busca, N. G.

AU - Cai, Zheng

AU - Chuang, Chia Hsun

AU - Clerc, Nicolas

AU - Comparat, Johan

AU - Cope, Frances

AU - Croft, Rupert A.C.

AU - Cruz-Gonzalez, Irene

AU - Da Costa, Luiz N.

AU - Cousinou, Marie Claude

AU - Darling, Jeremy

AU - De La MacOrra, Axel

AU - De La Torre, Sylvain

AU - Delubac, Timothée

AU - Du Mas Des Bourboux, Hélion

AU - Dwelly, Tom

AU - Ealet, Anne

AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

AU - Eracleous, Michael

AU - Escoffier, S.

AU - Fan, Xiaohui

AU - Finoguenov, Alexis

AU - Font-Ribera, Andreu

AU - Frinchaboy, Peter

AU - Gaulme, Patrick

AU - Georgakakis, Antonis

AU - Green, Paul

AU - Guo, Hong

AU - Guy, Julien

AU - Ho, Shirley

AU - Holder, Diana

AU - Huehnerhoff, Joe

AU - Hutchinson, Timothy

AU - Jing, Yipeng

AU - Jullo, Eric

AU - Kamble, Vikrant

AU - Kinemuchi, Karen

AU - Kirkby, David

AU - Kitaura, Francisco Shu

AU - Klaene, Mark A.

AU - Laher, Russ R.

AU - Lang, Dustin

AU - Laurent, Pierre

AU - Goff, Jean Marc Le

AU - Li, Cheng

AU - Liang, Yu

AU - Lima, Marcos

AU - Lin, Qiufan

AU - Lin, Weipeng

AU - Lin, Yen Ting

AU - Long, Daniel C.

AU - Lundgren, Britt

AU - MacDonald, Nicholas

AU - Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba

AU - Malanushenko, Elena

AU - Malanushenko, Viktor

AU - Mariappan, Vivek

AU - McBride, Cameron K.

AU - McGreer, Ian D.

AU - Ménard, Brice

AU - Merloni, Andrea

AU - Meza, Andres

AU - Montero-Dorta, Antonio D.

AU - Muna, Demitri

AU - Myers, Adam D.

AU - Nandra, Kirpal

AU - Naugle, Tracy

AU - Newman, Jeffrey A.

AU - Noterdaeme, Pasquier

AU - Nugent, Peter

AU - Ogando, Ricardo

AU - Olmstead, Matthew D.

AU - Oravetz, Audrey

AU - Oravetz, Daniel J.

AU - Padmanabhan, Nikhil

AU - Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie

AU - Pan, Kaike

AU - Parejko, John K.

AU - Pâris, Isabelle

AU - Peacock, John A.

AU - Petitjean, Patrick

AU - Pieri, Matthew M.

AU - Pisani, Alice

AU - Prada, Francisco

AU - Prakash, Abhishek

AU - Raichoor, Anand

AU - Reid, Beth

AU - Rich, James

AU - Ridl, Jethro

AU - Rodriguez-Torres, Sergio

AU - Rosell, Aurelio Carnero

AU - Ross, Ashley J.

AU - Rossi, Graziano

AU - Ruan, John

AU - Salvato, Mara

AU - Sayres, Conor

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Schlegel, David J.

AU - Seljak, Uros

AU - Seo, Hee Jong

AU - Sesar, Branimir

AU - Shandera, Sarah

AU - Shu, Yiping

AU - Slosar, Anže

AU - Sobreira, Flavia

AU - Streblyanska, Alina

AU - Suzuki, Nao

AU - Taylor, Donna

AU - Tao, Charling

AU - Tinker, Jeremy L.

AU - Tojeiro, Rita

AU - Vargas-Magaña, Mariana

AU - Wang, Yuting

AU - Weaver, Benjamin A.

AU - Weinberg, David H.

AU - White, Martin

AU - Wood-Vasey, W. M.

AU - Yeche, Christophe

AU - Zhai, Zhongxu

AU - Zhao, Cheng

AU - Zhao, Gong Bo

AU - Zheng, Zheng

AU - Zhu, Guangtun Ben

AU - Zou, Hu

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - In a six-year program started in 2014 July, the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) will conduct novel cosmological observations using the BOSS spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory. These observations will be conducted simultaneously with the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey (TDSS) designed for variability studies and the Spectroscopic Identification of eROSITA Sources (SPIDERS) program designed for studies of X-ray sources. In particular, eBOSS will measure with percent-level precision the distance-redshift relation with baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter. eBOSS will use four different tracers of the underlying matter density field to vastly expand the volume covered by BOSS and map the large-scale-structures over the relatively unconstrained redshift range 0.6 < z < 2.2. Using more than 250,000 new, spectroscopically confirmed luminous red galaxies at a median redshift z = 0.72, we project that eBOSS will yield measurements of the angular diameter distance dA(z) to an accuracy of 1.2% and measurements of H(z) to 2.1% when combined with the z > 0.6 sample of BOSS galaxies. With ∼195,000 new emission line galaxy redshifts, we expect BAO measurements of dA(z) to an accuracy of 3.1% and H(z) to 4.7% at an effective redshift of z = 0.87. A sample of more than 500,000 spectroscopically confirmed quasars will provide the first BAO distance measurements over the redshift range 0.9 < z < 2.2, with expected precision of 2.8% and 4.2% on dA(z) and H(z), respectively. Finally, with 60,000 new quasars and re-observation of 60,000 BOSS quasars, we will obtain new Lyα forest measurements at redshifts z > 2.1; these new data will enhance the precision of dA(z) and H(z) at z > 2.1 by a factor of 1.44 relative to BOSS. Furthermore, eBOSS will provide improved tests of General Relativity on cosmological scales through redshift-space distortion measurements, improved tests for non-Gaussianity in the primordial density field, and new constraints on the summed mass of all neutrino species. Here, we provide an overview of the cosmological goals, spectroscopic target sample, demonstration of spectral quality from early data, and projected cosmological constraints from eBOSS.

AB - In a six-year program started in 2014 July, the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) will conduct novel cosmological observations using the BOSS spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory. These observations will be conducted simultaneously with the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey (TDSS) designed for variability studies and the Spectroscopic Identification of eROSITA Sources (SPIDERS) program designed for studies of X-ray sources. In particular, eBOSS will measure with percent-level precision the distance-redshift relation with baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter. eBOSS will use four different tracers of the underlying matter density field to vastly expand the volume covered by BOSS and map the large-scale-structures over the relatively unconstrained redshift range 0.6 < z < 2.2. Using more than 250,000 new, spectroscopically confirmed luminous red galaxies at a median redshift z = 0.72, we project that eBOSS will yield measurements of the angular diameter distance dA(z) to an accuracy of 1.2% and measurements of H(z) to 2.1% when combined with the z > 0.6 sample of BOSS galaxies. With ∼195,000 new emission line galaxy redshifts, we expect BAO measurements of dA(z) to an accuracy of 3.1% and H(z) to 4.7% at an effective redshift of z = 0.87. A sample of more than 500,000 spectroscopically confirmed quasars will provide the first BAO distance measurements over the redshift range 0.9 < z < 2.2, with expected precision of 2.8% and 4.2% on dA(z) and H(z), respectively. Finally, with 60,000 new quasars and re-observation of 60,000 BOSS quasars, we will obtain new Lyα forest measurements at redshifts z > 2.1; these new data will enhance the precision of dA(z) and H(z) at z > 2.1 by a factor of 1.44 relative to BOSS. Furthermore, eBOSS will provide improved tests of General Relativity on cosmological scales through redshift-space distortion measurements, improved tests for non-Gaussianity in the primordial density field, and new constraints on the summed mass of all neutrino species. Here, we provide an overview of the cosmological goals, spectroscopic target sample, demonstration of spectral quality from early data, and projected cosmological constraints from eBOSS.

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U2 - 10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44

DO - 10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84958019694

VL - 151

JO - Astronomical Journal

JF - Astronomical Journal

SN - 0004-6256

IS - 2

M1 - 44

ER -

Dawson KS, Kneib JP, Percival WJ, Alam S, Albareti FD, Anderson SF et al. The SDSS-IV extended baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Overview and early data. Astronomical Journal. 2016 Feb 1;151(2). 44. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-6256/151/2/44