Exosomes are small vesicles secreted by a variety of cell types under physiological and pathological conditions. When Saccharomyces cerevisiae are grown in low glucose, small vesicles carrying more than 300 proteins with diverse biological functions are secreted. Upon glucose addition, secreted vesicles are endocytosed that requires cup-shaped organelles containing the major eisosome protein Pil1p at the rims. We aim to identify genes that regulate the function of cup-shaped organelles in vesicle endocytosis. In cells lacking either VID27 or VID21, Pil1p distribution was altered and cup-shaped organelles became elongated with narrower openings. Change in shape reduced the number of vesicles in the deeper areas and impaired vesicle endocytosis. Vid21p and Vid27p were localized to vesicle clusters and interacted with other Vid proteins. In the absence of these genes, these vesicles failed to aggregate and were secreted. Vid21p and Vid27p are required for the aggregation and retention of vesicles that contain Vid proteins in the cytoplasm. Increased vesicles near the plasma membrane in mutant strains correlate with an increased Pil1p movement resulting in the fusion of cup-shaped organelles. We conclude that the shape of vesicle-containing organelles is critical for their functions in vesicle endocytosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology