The simultaneous type, serial token model of temporal attention and working memory

Howard Bowman, Brad Wyble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

212 Scopus citations

Abstract

A detailed description of the simultaneous type, serial token (ST) model is presented. ST is a model of temporal attention and working memory that encapsulates 5 principles: (a) M. M. Chun and M. C. Potter's (1995) 2-stage model, (b) a Stage 1 salience filter, (c) N. G. Kanwisher's (1987, 1991) types-tokens distinction, (d) a transient attentional enhancement, and (e) a mechanism for associating types with tokens called the binding pool. The authors instantiate this theoretical position in a connectionist implementation, called neural-ST, which they illustrate by modeling temporal attention results focused on the attentional blink (AB). They demonstrate that the ST model explains a spectrum of AB findings. Furthermore, they highlight a number of new temporal attention predictions arising from the ST theory, which are tested in a series of behavioral experiments. Finally, the authors review major AB models and theories and compare them with ST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-70
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological Review
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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