The social representation of material culture and gender in children's books

Peter B. Crabb, Dawn Bielawski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This study examined the gender-typed portrayal of material culture in Caldecott Award children's books published between 1937 and 1989. Analyses of illustrations found that a larger proportion of female characters was shown using household artifacts, and a larger proportion of male characters was depicted using nondomestic production artifacts. Contrast analyses revealed no change over time in the proportions of female characters portrayed using household and production artifacts. Children's exposure to this representation may result in gender-linked modeling effects on preferences and skills related to technology and other material culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalSex Roles
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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