In two-component signal transduction, an input triggers phosphorylation of receiver domains that regulate the status of output modules. One such module is the AAA+ ATPase domain in bacterial enhancer-binding proteins that remodel the σ54 form of RNA polymerase. We report X-ray solution scattering and electron microscopy structures of the activated, full-length nitrogen-regulatory protein C (NtrC) showing a novel mechanism for regulation of AAA+ ATPase assembly via the juxtaposition of the receiver domains and ATPase ring. Accompanying the hydrolysis cycle that is required for transcriptional activation, we observed major order-disorder changes in the GAFTGA loops involved in σ54 binding, as well as in the DNA-binding domains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology