The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence

Ann S. Masten, J. Douglas Coatsworth, Jennifer Neemann, Scott David Gest, Auke Tellegen, Norman Garmezy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

286 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure and coherence of competence from childhood (ages 8–12) to late adolescence (ages 17–23) was examined in a longitudinal study of 191 children. Structural equation modeling was utilized to test a conceptual model and alternative models. Results suggest that competence has at least 3 distinct dimensions in childhood and 5 in adolescence. These dimensions reflect developmental tasks related to academic achievement, social competence, and conduct important at both age levels in U.S. society, and the additional tasks of romantic and job competence in adolescence. As hypothesized, rule‐breaking versus rule‐abiding conduct showed strong continuity over time, while academic achievement and social competence showed moderate continuity. Results also were consistent with the hypothesis that antisocial behavior undermines academic attainment and job competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1635-1659
Number of pages25
JournalChild development
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Mental Competency
adolescence
childhood
social competence
academic achievement
continuity
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
coherence
Social Skills

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Masten, A. S., Coatsworth, J. D., Neemann, J., Gest, S. D., Tellegen, A., & Garmezy, N. (1995). The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence. Child development, 66(6), 1635-1659. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00956.x
Masten, Ann S. ; Coatsworth, J. Douglas ; Neemann, Jennifer ; Gest, Scott David ; Tellegen, Auke ; Garmezy, Norman. / The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence. In: Child development. 1995 ; Vol. 66, No. 6. pp. 1635-1659.
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Masten, AS, Coatsworth, JD, Neemann, J, Gest, SD, Tellegen, A & Garmezy, N 1995, 'The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence', Child development, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 1635-1659. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00956.x

The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence. / Masten, Ann S.; Coatsworth, J. Douglas; Neemann, Jennifer; Gest, Scott David; Tellegen, Auke; Garmezy, Norman.

In: Child development, Vol. 66, No. 6, 01.01.1995, p. 1635-1659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Masten AS, Coatsworth JD, Neemann J, Gest SD, Tellegen A, Garmezy N. The Structure and Coherence of Competence from Childhood through Adolescence. Child development. 1995 Jan 1;66(6):1635-1659. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00956.x