The "super-Child" Approach Is Applied to Estimate Retinol Kinetics and Vitamin A Total Body Stores in Mexican Preschoolers

Veronica Lopez-Teros, Jennifer L. Ford, Michael H. Green, Brianda Monreal-Barraza, Lilian García-Miranda, Sherry A. Tanumihardjo, Mauro E. Valencia, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Retinol isotope dilution (RID) and model-based compartmental analysis are recognized techniques for assessing vitamin A (VA) status. Recent studies have shown that RID predictions of VA total body stores (TBS) can be improved by using modeling and that VA kinetics and TBS in children can be effectively studied by applying population modeling ("super-child" approach) to a composite data set. Objectives: The objectives were to model whole-body retinol kinetics and predict VA TBS in a group of Mexican preschoolers using the super-child approach and to use model predictions of RID coefficients to estimate TBS by RID in individuals. Methods: Twenty-four healthy Mexican children (aged 3-6 y) received an oral dose (2.96 μmol) of [13C10]retinyl acetate in corn oil. Blood samples were collected from 8 h to 21 d after dosing, with each child sampled at 4 d and at 1 other time. Composite data for plasma labeled retinol compared with time were analyzed using a 6-component model to obtain group retinol kinetic parameters and pool sizes. Model-predicted TBS was compared with mean RID predictions at 4 d; RID estimates at 4 d were compared with those calculated at 7-21 d. Results: Model-predicted TBS was 1097 μmol, equivalent to ∼2.4 y-worth of VA; using model-derived coefficients, group mean RID-predicted TBS was 1096 μmol (IQR: 836-1492 μmol). TBS at 4 d compared with a later time was similar (P = 0.33). The model predicted that retinol spent 1.5 h in plasma during each transit and recycled to plasma 13 times before utilization. Conclusions: The super-child modeling approach provides information on whole-body VA kinetics and can be used with RID to estimate TBS at any time between 4 and 21 d postdose. The high TBS predicted for these children suggests positive VA balance, likely due to large-dose VA supplements, and warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1644-1651
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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