The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations

Russell B. Makidon, Matthew D. Lallo, Stefano Casertano, Ronald Lynn Gilliland, Marco Sirianni, John E. Krist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Though the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has proven to be a stable platform for astronomical observations when compared with ground-based imaging, it features its own characteristic optical variations that have required post-observation processing to support the full range of science investigations that should be possible with HST. While the overall system focus has been monitored and adjusted throughout the life of the Observatory, the recent installation of the Advanced Camera for Surveys and its High Resolution Camera has allowed us to use phase retrieval techniques to accurately measure changes in coma and astigmatism as well. The aim of this current work is to relate these measurements of wave front error back to characterizations more common to science data analysis (e.g. FWHM, and ellipticity). We show how variations in these quantities over the timescales observed may impact the photometric and astrometric precision required of many current HST programs, as well as the characterization of barely-resolved objects. We discuss how improved characterization and modeling of the point spread function (PSF) variations may help HST observers achieve the full science capabilities of the Observatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationObservatory Operations
Subtitle of host publicationStrategies, Processes, and Systems
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2006
EventObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: May 25 2006May 27 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6270
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period5/25/065/27/06

Fingerprint

Hubble Space Telescope
Space telescopes
Observatories
Observatory
observatories
Camera
Cameras
cameras
Astigmatism
Phase Retrieval
astigmatism
Ellipticity
coma
Optical transfer function
ellipticity
point spread functions
wave fronts
Full width at half maximum
Wave Front
installing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Makidon, R. B., Lallo, M. D., Casertano, S., Gilliland, R. L., Sirianni, M., & Krist, J. E. (2006). The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations. In Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems [62701L] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6270). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671604
Makidon, Russell B. ; Lallo, Matthew D. ; Casertano, Stefano ; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn ; Sirianni, Marco ; Krist, John E. / The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations. Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems. 2006. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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Makidon, RB, Lallo, MD, Casertano, S, Gilliland, RL, Sirianni, M & Krist, JE 2006, The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations. in Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems., 62701L, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 6270, Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems, Orlando, FL, United States, 5/25/06. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671604

The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations. / Makidon, Russell B.; Lallo, Matthew D.; Casertano, Stefano; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn; Sirianni, Marco; Krist, John E.

Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems. 2006. 62701L (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6270).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Makidon RB, Lallo MD, Casertano S, Gilliland RL, Sirianni M, Krist JE. The temporal optical behavior of the hubble space telescope; the impact on science observations. In Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems. 2006. 62701L. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671604