The trafficking of the cellulose synthase complex in higher plants

Logan Bashline, Shundai Li, Ying Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Cellulose is an important constituent of plant cell walls in a biological context, and is also a material commonly utilized by mankind in the pulp and paper, timber, textile and biofuel industries. The biosynthesis of cellulose in higher plants is a function of the cellulose synthase complex (CSC). The CSC, a large transmembrane complex containing multiple cellulose synthase proteins, is believed to be assembled in the Golgi apparatus, but is thought only to synthesize cellulose when it is localized at the plasma membrane, where CSCs synthesize and extrude cellulose directly into the plant cell wall. Therefore, the delivery and endocytosis of CSCs to and from the plasma membrane are important aspects for the regulation of cellulose biosynthesis. Scope Recent progress in the visualization of CSC dynamics in living plant cells has begun to reveal some of the routes and factors involved in CSC trafficking. This review highlights the most recent major findings related to CSC trafficking, provides novel perspectives on how CSC trafficking can influence the cell wall, and proposes potential avenues for future exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1059-1067
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of botany
Volume114
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

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