The trends high-contrast imaging survey. v. discovery of an old and cold benchmark t-dwarf orbiting the nearby g-star HD 19467

Justin R. Crepp, John Asher Johnson, Andrew W. Howard, Geoffrey W. Marcy, John Brewer, Debra A. Fischer, Jason T. Wright, Howard Isaacson

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nearby Sun-like star HD 19467 shows a subtle radial velocity (RV) acceleration of-1.37 ± 0.09 m s-1 yr-1 over a 16.9 yr time baseline (an RV trend), hinting at the existence of a distant orbiting companion. We have obtained high-contrast images of the star using NIRC2 at Keck Observatory and report the direct detection of the body that causes the acceleration. The companion, HD 19467 B, is ΔKs = 12.57 ± 0.09 mag fainter than its parent star (contrast ratio of 9.4 × 10-6), has blue colors J-Ks =-0.36 ± 0.14 (J-H =-0.29 ± 0.15), and is separated by ρ = 1.″653 ± 0.″004 (51.1 ± 1.0 AU). Follow-up astrometric measurements obtained over a 1.1 yr time baseline demonstrate physical association through common parallactic and proper motion. We calculate a firm lower-limit of for the companion mass from orbital dynamics using a combination of Doppler observations and imaging. We estimate a model-dependent mass of from a gyrochronological age of Gyr. Isochronal analysis suggests a much older age of 9 ± 1 Gyr, which corresponds to a mass of. HD 19467 B's measured colors and absolute magnitude are consistent with a late T dwarf [T5-T7]. We may infer a low metallicity of [Fe/H] =-0.15 ± 0.04 for the companion from its G3V parent star. HD 19467 B is the first directly imaged benchmark T dwarf found orbiting a Sun-like star with a measured RV acceleration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number29
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume781
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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