TY - JOUR

T1 - The twelve-flavor β-function and dilaton tests of the sextet scalar

AU - Fodor, Zoltan

AU - Holland, Kieran

AU - Kuti, Julius

AU - Nogradi, Daniel

AU - Wong, Chik Him

N1 - Funding Information:
We acknowledge support by the DOE under grant DE-SC0009919, by the NSF under grants 1318220 and 1620845, by OTKA under the grant OTKA-NF-104034, and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemein-schaft grant SFB-TR 55. Computational resources were provided by the DOE INCITE program on the ALCF BG/Q platform, USQCD at Fermilab, by the University of Wuppertal, by Juelich Supercomputing Center on Juqueen and by the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Eotvos University. We are grateful to Szabolcs Borsanyi for his code development for the BG/Q platform. We are also grateful to Sandor Katz and Kalman Szabo for their CUDA code development.

PY - 2018/3/26

Y1 - 2018/3/26

N2 - We discuss near-conformal gauge theories beyond the standard model (BSM) where interesting results on the twelve-flavor β-function of massless fermions in the fundamental representation of the SU(3) color gauge group and dilaton tests of the light scalar with two massless fermions in the two-index symmetric tensor (sextet) representation can be viewed as parts of the same BSM paradigm under investigation. The clear trend in the decreasing size of β-functions at fixed renormalized gauge coupling is interpreted as a first indicator how the conformal window (CW) is approached in correlation with emergent near-conformal light scalars. BSM model building close to the CW will be influenced by differing expectations on the properties of the emergent light 0++ scalar either as a σ-particle of chiral symmetry breaking (ΧS B), or as a dilaton of scale symmetry breaking. The twelve-flavor β-function emerges as closest to the CW, perhaps near-conformal, or perhaps with an infrared fixed point (IRFP) at some unexplored strong coupling inside the CW. It is premature to speculate on dilaton properties of the twelveflavor model since the near-conformal realization remains an open question. However, it is interesting and important to investigate dilaton tests of the light sextet scalar whose β-function is closest to the CW in the symmetry breaking phase and emerges as the leading candidate for dilaton tests of the light scalar. We report results from high precision analysis of the twelve-flavor β-function [1] refuting its published IRFP [2, 3]. We present our objections to recent claims [4, 5] for non-universal behavior of staggered fermions used in our analysis. We also report our first analysis of dilaton tests of the light 0++ scalar in the sextet model and comment on related post-conference developments. The dilaton test is the main thrust of this conference contribution including presentation #405 on the nf = 12 β-function and presentation #260 on dilaton tests of the sextet model. They are both selected from the near-conformal BSM paradigm.

AB - We discuss near-conformal gauge theories beyond the standard model (BSM) where interesting results on the twelve-flavor β-function of massless fermions in the fundamental representation of the SU(3) color gauge group and dilaton tests of the light scalar with two massless fermions in the two-index symmetric tensor (sextet) representation can be viewed as parts of the same BSM paradigm under investigation. The clear trend in the decreasing size of β-functions at fixed renormalized gauge coupling is interpreted as a first indicator how the conformal window (CW) is approached in correlation with emergent near-conformal light scalars. BSM model building close to the CW will be influenced by differing expectations on the properties of the emergent light 0++ scalar either as a σ-particle of chiral symmetry breaking (ΧS B), or as a dilaton of scale symmetry breaking. The twelve-flavor β-function emerges as closest to the CW, perhaps near-conformal, or perhaps with an infrared fixed point (IRFP) at some unexplored strong coupling inside the CW. It is premature to speculate on dilaton properties of the twelveflavor model since the near-conformal realization remains an open question. However, it is interesting and important to investigate dilaton tests of the light sextet scalar whose β-function is closest to the CW in the symmetry breaking phase and emerges as the leading candidate for dilaton tests of the light scalar. We report results from high precision analysis of the twelve-flavor β-function [1] refuting its published IRFP [2, 3]. We present our objections to recent claims [4, 5] for non-universal behavior of staggered fermions used in our analysis. We also report our first analysis of dilaton tests of the light 0++ scalar in the sextet model and comment on related post-conference developments. The dilaton test is the main thrust of this conference contribution including presentation #405 on the nf = 12 β-function and presentation #260 on dilaton tests of the sextet model. They are both selected from the near-conformal BSM paradigm.

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U2 - 10.1051/epjconf/201817508015

DO - 10.1051/epjconf/201817508015

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85045148449

VL - 175

JO - EPJ Web of Conferences

JF - EPJ Web of Conferences

SN - 2101-6275

M1 - 08015

T2 - 35th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory, Lattice 2017

Y2 - 18 June 2017 through 24 June 2017

ER -