A kinetic and product study of the dichloroacetic acid catalyzed chlorination of 1-methylpyrrole with 3- and 4-substituted N-chlorobenzamides was carried out. Protonated N-chlorobenzamides served as carriers of CI+. A Hammett correlation was obtained with ρ=-0.68 (r=0.98, n=8). General acid catalysis was observed with α=0.48 (r=0.99 and n=7). The yields of 2-chlorination (84±0.7%) and 3-chlorination (2.6±0.4%) were essentially constant (constant intramolecular selectivity) as the substituent on the N-chlorobenzamide was varied. Observation of constant intramolecular selectivity indicated that two intermediates were formed during the acid catalyzed chlorination of 1-methylpyrrole with N-chlorobenzamides. The carrier method is applicable to all types of aromatic systems and limited only by the availability of suitable carrier molecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry