The V̇O2 slow component for severe exercise depends on type of exercise and is not correlated with time to fatigue

Veronique L. Billat, Ruddy Richard, Valerie M. Binsse, Jean P. Koralsztein, Philippe Haouzi

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the type of exercise (running vs. cycling) on the O2 uptake (V̇O2) slow component. Ten triathletes performed exhaustive exercise on a treadmill and on a cycloergometer at a work rate corresponding to 90% of maximal V̇O2 (90% work rate maximal V̇O2). The duration of the tests before exhaustion was superimposable for both type of exercises (10 min 37 s ± 4 min 11 s vs. 10 min 54 s ± 4 min 47 s for running and cycling, respectively). The V̇O2 slow component (difference between V̇O2 at the last minute and minute 3 of exercise) was significantly lower during running compared with cycling (20.9 ± 2 vs. 268.8 ± 24 ml/min). Consequently, there was no relationship between the magnitude of the V̇O2 slow component and the time to fatigue. Finally, because blood lactate levels at the end of the tests were similar for both running (7.2 ± 1.9 mmol/1) and cycling (7.3 ± 2.4 mmol/l), there was a clear dissociation between blood lactate and the V̇O2 slow component during running. These data demonstrate that 1) the V̇O2 slow component depends on the type of exercise in a group of triathletes and 2) the time to fatigue is independent of the magnitude of the V̇O2 slow component and blood lactate concentration. It is speculated that the difference in muscular contraction regimen between running and cycling could account for the difference in the V̇O2 slow component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2118-2124
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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