The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006

J. Kildea, R. W. Atkins, H. M. Badran, G. Blaylock, I. H. Bond, S. M. Bradbury, J. H. Buckley, D. A. Carter-Lewis, O. Celik, Y. C.K. Chow, W. Cui, P. Cogan, M. K. Daniel, I. de la Calle Perez, C. Dowdall, C. Duke, A. D. Falcone, D. J. Fegan, S. J. Fegan, J. P. FinleyL. F. Fortson, D. Gall, G. H. Gillanders, J. Grube, K. J. Gutierrez, J. Hall, T. A. Hall, J. Holder, D. Horan, S. B. Hughes, M. Jordan, I. Jung, G. E. Kenny, M. Kertzman, J. Knapp, A. Konopelko, K. Kosack, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. LeBohec, J. Lloyd-Evans, J. Millis, P. Moriarty, T. Nagai, P. A. Ogden, R. A. Ong, J. S. Perkins, D. Petry, F. Pizlo, M. Pohl, J. Quinn, M. Quinn, P. F. Rebillot, H. J. Rose, M. Schroedter, G. H. Sembroski, A. W. Smith, A. Syson, J. A. Toner, L. Valcarcel, V. V. Vassiliev, S. P. Wakely, T. C. Weekes, R. J. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Details are presented of the Whipple Observatory's 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope and camera, as it evolved during the period 1997 until 2006. The design of the telescope and camera's optical and electronic systems is discussed together with a detailed description of the four-stage GRANITE (Gamma-RAy New Imaging TElescope) upgrade program, undertaken during the same time period. The objective of the upgrade was to improve the telescope's sensitivity for the detection of very-high-energy gamma-rays. Results from the program are provided and are briefly discussed in the context of the design of VERITAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-195
Number of pages14
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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gamma ray telescopes
observatories
telescopes
cameras
gamma rays
sensitivity
electronics
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Kildea, J., Atkins, R. W., Badran, H. M., Blaylock, G., Bond, I. H., Bradbury, S. M., ... White, R. J. (2007). The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006. Astroparticle Physics, 28(2), 182-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.05.004
Kildea, J. ; Atkins, R. W. ; Badran, H. M. ; Blaylock, G. ; Bond, I. H. ; Bradbury, S. M. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Carter-Lewis, D. A. ; Celik, O. ; Chow, Y. C.K. ; Cui, W. ; Cogan, P. ; Daniel, M. K. ; de la Calle Perez, I. ; Dowdall, C. ; Duke, C. ; Falcone, A. D. ; Fegan, D. J. ; Fegan, S. J. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fortson, L. F. ; Gall, D. ; Gillanders, G. H. ; Grube, J. ; Gutierrez, K. J. ; Hall, J. ; Hall, T. A. ; Holder, J. ; Horan, D. ; Hughes, S. B. ; Jordan, M. ; Jung, I. ; Kenny, G. E. ; Kertzman, M. ; Knapp, J. ; Konopelko, A. ; Kosack, K. ; Krawczynski, H. ; Krennrich, F. ; Lang, M. J. ; LeBohec, S. ; Lloyd-Evans, J. ; Millis, J. ; Moriarty, P. ; Nagai, T. ; Ogden, P. A. ; Ong, R. A. ; Perkins, J. S. ; Petry, D. ; Pizlo, F. ; Pohl, M. ; Quinn, J. ; Quinn, M. ; Rebillot, P. F. ; Rose, H. J. ; Schroedter, M. ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Smith, A. W. ; Syson, A. ; Toner, J. A. ; Valcarcel, L. ; Vassiliev, V. V. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Weekes, T. C. ; White, R. J. / The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. 182-195.
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Kildea, J, Atkins, RW, Badran, HM, Blaylock, G, Bond, IH, Bradbury, SM, Buckley, JH, Carter-Lewis, DA, Celik, O, Chow, YCK, Cui, W, Cogan, P, Daniel, MK, de la Calle Perez, I, Dowdall, C, Duke, C, Falcone, AD, Fegan, DJ, Fegan, SJ, Finley, JP, Fortson, LF, Gall, D, Gillanders, GH, Grube, J, Gutierrez, KJ, Hall, J, Hall, TA, Holder, J, Horan, D, Hughes, SB, Jordan, M, Jung, I, Kenny, GE, Kertzman, M, Knapp, J, Konopelko, A, Kosack, K, Krawczynski, H, Krennrich, F, Lang, MJ, LeBohec, S, Lloyd-Evans, J, Millis, J, Moriarty, P, Nagai, T, Ogden, PA, Ong, RA, Perkins, JS, Petry, D, Pizlo, F, Pohl, M, Quinn, J, Quinn, M, Rebillot, PF, Rose, HJ, Schroedter, M, Sembroski, GH, Smith, AW, Syson, A, Toner, JA, Valcarcel, L, Vassiliev, VV, Wakely, SP, Weekes, TC & White, RJ 2007, 'The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 182-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.05.004

The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006. / Kildea, J.; Atkins, R. W.; Badran, H. M.; Blaylock, G.; Bond, I. H.; Bradbury, S. M.; Buckley, J. H.; Carter-Lewis, D. A.; Celik, O.; Chow, Y. C.K.; Cui, W.; Cogan, P.; Daniel, M. K.; de la Calle Perez, I.; Dowdall, C.; Duke, C.; Falcone, A. D.; Fegan, D. J.; Fegan, S. J.; Finley, J. P.; Fortson, L. F.; Gall, D.; Gillanders, G. H.; Grube, J.; Gutierrez, K. J.; Hall, J.; Hall, T. A.; Holder, J.; Horan, D.; Hughes, S. B.; Jordan, M.; Jung, I.; Kenny, G. E.; Kertzman, M.; Knapp, J.; Konopelko, A.; Kosack, K.; Krawczynski, H.; Krennrich, F.; Lang, M. J.; LeBohec, S.; Lloyd-Evans, J.; Millis, J.; Moriarty, P.; Nagai, T.; Ogden, P. A.; Ong, R. A.; Perkins, J. S.; Petry, D.; Pizlo, F.; Pohl, M.; Quinn, J.; Quinn, M.; Rebillot, P. F.; Rose, H. J.; Schroedter, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Smith, A. W.; Syson, A.; Toner, J. A.; Valcarcel, L.; Vassiliev, V. V.; Wakely, S. P.; Weekes, T. C.; White, R. J.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 28, No. 2, 01.10.2007, p. 182-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006

AU - Kildea, J.

AU - Atkins, R. W.

AU - Badran, H. M.

AU - Blaylock, G.

AU - Bond, I. H.

AU - Bradbury, S. M.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Carter-Lewis, D. A.

AU - Celik, O.

AU - Chow, Y. C.K.

AU - Cui, W.

AU - Cogan, P.

AU - Daniel, M. K.

AU - de la Calle Perez, I.

AU - Dowdall, C.

AU - Duke, C.

AU - Falcone, A. D.

AU - Fegan, D. J.

AU - Fegan, S. J.

AU - Finley, J. P.

AU - Fortson, L. F.

AU - Gall, D.

AU - Gillanders, G. H.

AU - Grube, J.

AU - Gutierrez, K. J.

AU - Hall, J.

AU - Hall, T. A.

AU - Holder, J.

AU - Horan, D.

AU - Hughes, S. B.

AU - Jordan, M.

AU - Jung, I.

AU - Kenny, G. E.

AU - Kertzman, M.

AU - Knapp, J.

AU - Konopelko, A.

AU - Kosack, K.

AU - Krawczynski, H.

AU - Krennrich, F.

AU - Lang, M. J.

AU - LeBohec, S.

AU - Lloyd-Evans, J.

AU - Millis, J.

AU - Moriarty, P.

AU - Nagai, T.

AU - Ogden, P. A.

AU - Ong, R. A.

AU - Perkins, J. S.

AU - Petry, D.

AU - Pizlo, F.

AU - Pohl, M.

AU - Quinn, J.

AU - Quinn, M.

AU - Rebillot, P. F.

AU - Rose, H. J.

AU - Schroedter, M.

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Smith, A. W.

AU - Syson, A.

AU - Toner, J. A.

AU - Valcarcel, L.

AU - Vassiliev, V. V.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Weekes, T. C.

AU - White, R. J.

PY - 2007/10/1

Y1 - 2007/10/1

N2 - Details are presented of the Whipple Observatory's 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope and camera, as it evolved during the period 1997 until 2006. The design of the telescope and camera's optical and electronic systems is discussed together with a detailed description of the four-stage GRANITE (Gamma-RAy New Imaging TElescope) upgrade program, undertaken during the same time period. The objective of the upgrade was to improve the telescope's sensitivity for the detection of very-high-energy gamma-rays. Results from the program are provided and are briefly discussed in the context of the design of VERITAS.

AB - Details are presented of the Whipple Observatory's 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope and camera, as it evolved during the period 1997 until 2006. The design of the telescope and camera's optical and electronic systems is discussed together with a detailed description of the four-stage GRANITE (Gamma-RAy New Imaging TElescope) upgrade program, undertaken during the same time period. The objective of the upgrade was to improve the telescope's sensitivity for the detection of very-high-energy gamma-rays. Results from the program are provided and are briefly discussed in the context of the design of VERITAS.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.05.004

M3 - Article

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VL - 28

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EP - 195

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

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Kildea J, Atkins RW, Badran HM, Blaylock G, Bond IH, Bradbury SM et al. The Whipple Observatory 10 m gamma-ray telescope, 1997-2006. Astroparticle Physics. 2007 Oct 1;28(2):182-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.05.004