The working alliance: Where are we and where should we go?

Louis Georges Castonguay, Michael J. Constantino, Martin Grosse Holtforth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

269 Scopus citations


This article describes important findings that have emerged from decades of research on the working alliance, as well as some of the clinical implications of these findings. In addition, future directions of research on this construct are suggested. Our hope is that this article will provide useful heuristics for better understanding the alliance, the therapeutic relationship more broadly, and the process of therapeutic change in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-279
Number of pages9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2006


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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