The X-ray Surveyor Mission

A concept study

Jessica A. Gaskin, Martin C. Weisskopf, Alexey Vikhlinin, Harvey D. Tananbaum, Simon R. Bandler, Marshall W. Bautz, David Nelson Burrows, Abraham David Falcone, Fiona A. Harrison, Ralf K. Heilmann, Sebastian Heinz, Randall C. Hopkins, Caroline A. Kilbourne, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Ralph P. Kraft, Andrey V. Kravtsov, Randall Lee McEntaffer, Priyamvada Natarajan, Stephen L. O'Dell, Robert Petre & 7 others Zachary R. Prieskorn, Andrew F. Ptak, Brian D. Ramsey, Paul B. Reid, Andrew R. Schnell, Daniel A. Schwartz, Leisa K. Townsley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory continues to provide an unparalleled means for exploring the high-energy universe. With its half-arcsecond angular resolution, Chandra studies have deepened our understanding of galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei, galaxies, supernova remnants, neutron stars, black holes, and solar system objects. As we look beyond Chandra, it is clear that comparable or even better angular resolution with greatly increased photon throughput is essential to address ever more demanding science questions - such as the formation and growth of black hole seeds at very high redshifts; the emergence of the first galaxy groups; and details of feedback over a large range of scales from galaxies to galaxy clusters. Recently, we initiated a concept study for such a mission, dubbed X-ray Surveyor. The X-ray Surveyor strawman payload is comprised of a high-resolution mirror assembly and an instrument set, which may include an X-ray microcalorimeter, a high-definition imager, and a dispersive grating spectrometer and its readout. The mirror assembly will consist of highly nested, thin, grazing-incidence mirrors, for which a number of technical approaches are currently under development - including adjustable X-ray optics, differential deposition, and new polishing techniques applied to a variety of substrates. This study benefits from previous studies of large missions carried out over the past two decades and, in most areas, points to mission requirements no more stringent than those of Chandra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX
EditorsOswald H. W. Siegmund, Oswald H. W. Siegmund
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628417678, 9781628417678
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 9 2015Aug 10 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9601
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/9/158/10/15

Fingerprint

Galaxies
X rays
galaxies
Mirror
mirrors
angular resolution
x rays
Black Holes
Mirrors
assembly
X ray optics
Active Galactic nuclei
X-ray Optics
galactic clusters
Neutron Stars
Supernovae
Polishing
Solar system
Diffraction gratings
geometrical optics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Gaskin, J. A., Weisskopf, M. C., Vikhlinin, A., Tananbaum, H. D., Bandler, S. R., Bautz, M. W., ... Townsley, L. K. (2015). The X-ray Surveyor Mission: A concept study. In O. H. W. Siegmund, & O. H. W. Siegmund (Eds.), UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX [96010J] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9601). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2190837
Gaskin, Jessica A. ; Weisskopf, Martin C. ; Vikhlinin, Alexey ; Tananbaum, Harvey D. ; Bandler, Simon R. ; Bautz, Marshall W. ; Burrows, David Nelson ; Falcone, Abraham David ; Harrison, Fiona A. ; Heilmann, Ralf K. ; Heinz, Sebastian ; Hopkins, Randall C. ; Kilbourne, Caroline A. ; Kouveliotou, Chryssa ; Kraft, Ralph P. ; Kravtsov, Andrey V. ; McEntaffer, Randall Lee ; Natarajan, Priyamvada ; O'Dell, Stephen L. ; Petre, Robert ; Prieskorn, Zachary R. ; Ptak, Andrew F. ; Ramsey, Brian D. ; Reid, Paul B. ; Schnell, Andrew R. ; Schwartz, Daniel A. ; Townsley, Leisa K. / The X-ray Surveyor Mission : A concept study. UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX. editor / Oswald H. W. Siegmund ; Oswald H. W. Siegmund. SPIE, 2015. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{b42556e224714ab894ee8b2c48da8577,
title = "The X-ray Surveyor Mission: A concept study",
abstract = "NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory continues to provide an unparalleled means for exploring the high-energy universe. With its half-arcsecond angular resolution, Chandra studies have deepened our understanding of galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei, galaxies, supernova remnants, neutron stars, black holes, and solar system objects. As we look beyond Chandra, it is clear that comparable or even better angular resolution with greatly increased photon throughput is essential to address ever more demanding science questions - such as the formation and growth of black hole seeds at very high redshifts; the emergence of the first galaxy groups; and details of feedback over a large range of scales from galaxies to galaxy clusters. Recently, we initiated a concept study for such a mission, dubbed X-ray Surveyor. The X-ray Surveyor strawman payload is comprised of a high-resolution mirror assembly and an instrument set, which may include an X-ray microcalorimeter, a high-definition imager, and a dispersive grating spectrometer and its readout. The mirror assembly will consist of highly nested, thin, grazing-incidence mirrors, for which a number of technical approaches are currently under development - including adjustable X-ray optics, differential deposition, and new polishing techniques applied to a variety of substrates. This study benefits from previous studies of large missions carried out over the past two decades and, in most areas, points to mission requirements no more stringent than those of Chandra.",
author = "Gaskin, {Jessica A.} and Weisskopf, {Martin C.} and Alexey Vikhlinin and Tananbaum, {Harvey D.} and Bandler, {Simon R.} and Bautz, {Marshall W.} and Burrows, {David Nelson} and Falcone, {Abraham David} and Harrison, {Fiona A.} and Heilmann, {Ralf K.} and Sebastian Heinz and Hopkins, {Randall C.} and Kilbourne, {Caroline A.} and Chryssa Kouveliotou and Kraft, {Ralph P.} and Kravtsov, {Andrey V.} and McEntaffer, {Randall Lee} and Priyamvada Natarajan and O'Dell, {Stephen L.} and Robert Petre and Prieskorn, {Zachary R.} and Ptak, {Andrew F.} and Ramsey, {Brian D.} and Reid, {Paul B.} and Schnell, {Andrew R.} and Schwartz, {Daniel A.} and Townsley, {Leisa K.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2190837",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "SPIE",
editor = "Siegmund, {Oswald H. W.} and Siegmund, {Oswald H. W.}",
booktitle = "UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX",
address = "United States",

}

Gaskin, JA, Weisskopf, MC, Vikhlinin, A, Tananbaum, HD, Bandler, SR, Bautz, MW, Burrows, DN, Falcone, AD, Harrison, FA, Heilmann, RK, Heinz, S, Hopkins, RC, Kilbourne, CA, Kouveliotou, C, Kraft, RP, Kravtsov, AV, McEntaffer, RL, Natarajan, P, O'Dell, SL, Petre, R, Prieskorn, ZR, Ptak, AF, Ramsey, BD, Reid, PB, Schnell, AR, Schwartz, DA & Townsley, LK 2015, The X-ray Surveyor Mission: A concept study. in OHW Siegmund & OHW Siegmund (eds), UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX., 96010J, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 9601, SPIE, UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX, San Diego, United States, 8/9/15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2190837

The X-ray Surveyor Mission : A concept study. / Gaskin, Jessica A.; Weisskopf, Martin C.; Vikhlinin, Alexey; Tananbaum, Harvey D.; Bandler, Simon R.; Bautz, Marshall W.; Burrows, David Nelson; Falcone, Abraham David; Harrison, Fiona A.; Heilmann, Ralf K.; Heinz, Sebastian; Hopkins, Randall C.; Kilbourne, Caroline A.; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Kraft, Ralph P.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.; McEntaffer, Randall Lee; Natarajan, Priyamvada; O'Dell, Stephen L.; Petre, Robert; Prieskorn, Zachary R.; Ptak, Andrew F.; Ramsey, Brian D.; Reid, Paul B.; Schnell, Andrew R.; Schwartz, Daniel A.; Townsley, Leisa K.

UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX. ed. / Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Oswald H. W. Siegmund. SPIE, 2015. 96010J (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9601).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The X-ray Surveyor Mission

T2 - A concept study

AU - Gaskin, Jessica A.

AU - Weisskopf, Martin C.

AU - Vikhlinin, Alexey

AU - Tananbaum, Harvey D.

AU - Bandler, Simon R.

AU - Bautz, Marshall W.

AU - Burrows, David Nelson

AU - Falcone, Abraham David

AU - Harrison, Fiona A.

AU - Heilmann, Ralf K.

AU - Heinz, Sebastian

AU - Hopkins, Randall C.

AU - Kilbourne, Caroline A.

AU - Kouveliotou, Chryssa

AU - Kraft, Ralph P.

AU - Kravtsov, Andrey V.

AU - McEntaffer, Randall Lee

AU - Natarajan, Priyamvada

AU - O'Dell, Stephen L.

AU - Petre, Robert

AU - Prieskorn, Zachary R.

AU - Ptak, Andrew F.

AU - Ramsey, Brian D.

AU - Reid, Paul B.

AU - Schnell, Andrew R.

AU - Schwartz, Daniel A.

AU - Townsley, Leisa K.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory continues to provide an unparalleled means for exploring the high-energy universe. With its half-arcsecond angular resolution, Chandra studies have deepened our understanding of galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei, galaxies, supernova remnants, neutron stars, black holes, and solar system objects. As we look beyond Chandra, it is clear that comparable or even better angular resolution with greatly increased photon throughput is essential to address ever more demanding science questions - such as the formation and growth of black hole seeds at very high redshifts; the emergence of the first galaxy groups; and details of feedback over a large range of scales from galaxies to galaxy clusters. Recently, we initiated a concept study for such a mission, dubbed X-ray Surveyor. The X-ray Surveyor strawman payload is comprised of a high-resolution mirror assembly and an instrument set, which may include an X-ray microcalorimeter, a high-definition imager, and a dispersive grating spectrometer and its readout. The mirror assembly will consist of highly nested, thin, grazing-incidence mirrors, for which a number of technical approaches are currently under development - including adjustable X-ray optics, differential deposition, and new polishing techniques applied to a variety of substrates. This study benefits from previous studies of large missions carried out over the past two decades and, in most areas, points to mission requirements no more stringent than those of Chandra.

AB - NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory continues to provide an unparalleled means for exploring the high-energy universe. With its half-arcsecond angular resolution, Chandra studies have deepened our understanding of galaxy clusters, active galactic nuclei, galaxies, supernova remnants, neutron stars, black holes, and solar system objects. As we look beyond Chandra, it is clear that comparable or even better angular resolution with greatly increased photon throughput is essential to address ever more demanding science questions - such as the formation and growth of black hole seeds at very high redshifts; the emergence of the first galaxy groups; and details of feedback over a large range of scales from galaxies to galaxy clusters. Recently, we initiated a concept study for such a mission, dubbed X-ray Surveyor. The X-ray Surveyor strawman payload is comprised of a high-resolution mirror assembly and an instrument set, which may include an X-ray microcalorimeter, a high-definition imager, and a dispersive grating spectrometer and its readout. The mirror assembly will consist of highly nested, thin, grazing-incidence mirrors, for which a number of technical approaches are currently under development - including adjustable X-ray optics, differential deposition, and new polishing techniques applied to a variety of substrates. This study benefits from previous studies of large missions carried out over the past two decades and, in most areas, points to mission requirements no more stringent than those of Chandra.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84951293400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84951293400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2190837

DO - 10.1117/12.2190837

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX

A2 - Siegmund, Oswald H. W.

A2 - Siegmund, Oswald H. W.

PB - SPIE

ER -

Gaskin JA, Weisskopf MC, Vikhlinin A, Tananbaum HD, Bandler SR, Bautz MW et al. The X-ray Surveyor Mission: A concept study. In Siegmund OHW, Siegmund OHW, editors, UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XIX. SPIE. 2015. 96010J. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2190837