The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey

VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue

S. R. Rosen, N. A. Webb, M. G. Watson, J. Ballet, D. Barret, V. Braito, F. J. Carrera, M. T. Ceballos, M. Coriat, R. Della Ceca, G. Denkinson, P. Esquej, S. A. Farrell, M. Freyberg, Fabien Grise, P. Guillout, L. Heil, F. Koliopanos, D. Law-Green, G. Lamer & 20 others D. Lin, R. Martino, L. Michel, C. Motch, A. Nebot Gomez-Moran, C. G. Page, K. Page, M. Page, M. W. Pakull, J. Pye, A. Read, P. Rodriguez, M. Sakano, R. Saxton, A. Schwope, A. E. Scott, R. Sturm, I. Traulsen, V. Yershov, I. Zolotukhin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Thanks to the large collecting area (3 × ∼1500 cm2 at 1.5 keV) and wide field of view (30′ across in full field mode) of the X-ray cameras on board the European Space Agency X-ray observatory XMM-Newton, each individual pointing can result in the detection of up to several hundred X-ray sources, most of which are newly discovered objects. Since XMM-Newton has now been in orbit for more than 15 yr, hundreds of thousands of sources have been detected. Aims. Recently, many improvements in the XMM-Newton data reduction algorithms have been made. These include enhanced source characterisation and reduced spurious source detections, refined astrometric precision of sources, greater net sensitivity for source detection, and the extraction of spectra and time series for fainter sources, both with better signal-to-noise. Thanks to these enhancements, the quality of the catalogue products has been much improved over earlier catalogues. Furthermore, almost 50% more observations are in the public domain compared to 2XMMi-DR3, allowing the XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre to produce a much larger and better quality X-ray source catalogue. Methods. The XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre has developed a pipeline to reduce the XMM-Newton data automatically. Using the latest version of this pipeline, along with better calibration, a new version of the catalogue has been produced, using XMM-Newton X-ray observations made public on or before 2013 December 31. Manual screening of all of the X-ray detections ensures the highest data quality. This catalogue is known as 3XMM. Results. In the latest release of the 3XMM catalogue, 3XMM-DR5, there are 565 962 X-ray detections comprising 396 910 unique X-ray sources. Spectra and lightcurves are provided for the 133 000 brightest sources. For all detections, the positions on the sky, a measure of the quality of the detection, and an evaluation of the X-ray variability is provided, along with the fluxes and count rates in 7 X-ray energy bands, the total 0.2-12 keV band counts, and four hardness ratios. With the aim of identifying the detections, a cross correlation with 228 catalogues of sources detected in all wavebands is also provided for each X-ray detection. Conclusions. 3XMM-DR5 is the largest X-ray source catalogue ever produced. Thanks to the large array of data products associated with each detection and each source, it is an excellent resource for finding new and extreme objects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA1
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume590
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2016

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XMM-Newton telescope
newton
catalogs
x rays
detection
data products
field of view
data reduction
data quality
European Space Agency
hardness
cross correlation
energy bands
sky
observatory
resources
observatories
screening
time series
cameras

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Rosen, S. R., Webb, N. A., Watson, M. G., Ballet, J., Barret, D., Braito, V., ... Zolotukhin, I. (2016). The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey: VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 590, [A1]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201526416
Rosen, S. R. ; Webb, N. A. ; Watson, M. G. ; Ballet, J. ; Barret, D. ; Braito, V. ; Carrera, F. J. ; Ceballos, M. T. ; Coriat, M. ; Della Ceca, R. ; Denkinson, G. ; Esquej, P. ; Farrell, S. A. ; Freyberg, M. ; Grise, Fabien ; Guillout, P. ; Heil, L. ; Koliopanos, F. ; Law-Green, D. ; Lamer, G. ; Lin, D. ; Martino, R. ; Michel, L. ; Motch, C. ; Nebot Gomez-Moran, A. ; Page, C. G. ; Page, K. ; Page, M. ; Pakull, M. W. ; Pye, J. ; Read, A. ; Rodriguez, P. ; Sakano, M. ; Saxton, R. ; Schwope, A. ; Scott, A. E. ; Sturm, R. ; Traulsen, I. ; Yershov, V. ; Zolotukhin, I. / The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey : VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2016 ; Vol. 590.
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abstract = "Context. Thanks to the large collecting area (3 × ∼1500 cm2 at 1.5 keV) and wide field of view (30′ across in full field mode) of the X-ray cameras on board the European Space Agency X-ray observatory XMM-Newton, each individual pointing can result in the detection of up to several hundred X-ray sources, most of which are newly discovered objects. Since XMM-Newton has now been in orbit for more than 15 yr, hundreds of thousands of sources have been detected. Aims. Recently, many improvements in the XMM-Newton data reduction algorithms have been made. These include enhanced source characterisation and reduced spurious source detections, refined astrometric precision of sources, greater net sensitivity for source detection, and the extraction of spectra and time series for fainter sources, both with better signal-to-noise. Thanks to these enhancements, the quality of the catalogue products has been much improved over earlier catalogues. Furthermore, almost 50{\%} more observations are in the public domain compared to 2XMMi-DR3, allowing the XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre to produce a much larger and better quality X-ray source catalogue. Methods. The XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre has developed a pipeline to reduce the XMM-Newton data automatically. Using the latest version of this pipeline, along with better calibration, a new version of the catalogue has been produced, using XMM-Newton X-ray observations made public on or before 2013 December 31. Manual screening of all of the X-ray detections ensures the highest data quality. This catalogue is known as 3XMM. Results. In the latest release of the 3XMM catalogue, 3XMM-DR5, there are 565 962 X-ray detections comprising 396 910 unique X-ray sources. Spectra and lightcurves are provided for the 133 000 brightest sources. For all detections, the positions on the sky, a measure of the quality of the detection, and an evaluation of the X-ray variability is provided, along with the fluxes and count rates in 7 X-ray energy bands, the total 0.2-12 keV band counts, and four hardness ratios. With the aim of identifying the detections, a cross correlation with 228 catalogues of sources detected in all wavebands is also provided for each X-ray detection. Conclusions. 3XMM-DR5 is the largest X-ray source catalogue ever produced. Thanks to the large array of data products associated with each detection and each source, it is an excellent resource for finding new and extreme objects.",
author = "Rosen, {S. R.} and Webb, {N. A.} and Watson, {M. G.} and J. Ballet and D. Barret and V. Braito and Carrera, {F. J.} and Ceballos, {M. T.} and M. Coriat and {Della Ceca}, R. and G. Denkinson and P. Esquej and Farrell, {S. A.} and M. Freyberg and Fabien Grise and P. Guillout and L. Heil and F. Koliopanos and D. Law-Green and G. Lamer and D. Lin and R. Martino and L. Michel and C. Motch and {Nebot Gomez-Moran}, A. and Page, {C. G.} and K. Page and M. Page and Pakull, {M. W.} and J. Pye and A. Read and P. Rodriguez and M. Sakano and R. Saxton and A. Schwope and Scott, {A. E.} and R. Sturm and I. Traulsen and V. Yershov and I. Zolotukhin",
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Rosen, SR, Webb, NA, Watson, MG, Ballet, J, Barret, D, Braito, V, Carrera, FJ, Ceballos, MT, Coriat, M, Della Ceca, R, Denkinson, G, Esquej, P, Farrell, SA, Freyberg, M, Grise, F, Guillout, P, Heil, L, Koliopanos, F, Law-Green, D, Lamer, G, Lin, D, Martino, R, Michel, L, Motch, C, Nebot Gomez-Moran, A, Page, CG, Page, K, Page, M, Pakull, MW, Pye, J, Read, A, Rodriguez, P, Sakano, M, Saxton, R, Schwope, A, Scott, AE, Sturm, R, Traulsen, I, Yershov, V & Zolotukhin, I 2016, 'The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey: VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 590, A1. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201526416

The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey : VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue. / Rosen, S. R.; Webb, N. A.; Watson, M. G.; Ballet, J.; Barret, D.; Braito, V.; Carrera, F. J.; Ceballos, M. T.; Coriat, M.; Della Ceca, R.; Denkinson, G.; Esquej, P.; Farrell, S. A.; Freyberg, M.; Grise, Fabien; Guillout, P.; Heil, L.; Koliopanos, F.; Law-Green, D.; Lamer, G.; Lin, D.; Martino, R.; Michel, L.; Motch, C.; Nebot Gomez-Moran, A.; Page, C. G.; Page, K.; Page, M.; Pakull, M. W.; Pye, J.; Read, A.; Rodriguez, P.; Sakano, M.; Saxton, R.; Schwope, A.; Scott, A. E.; Sturm, R.; Traulsen, I.; Yershov, V.; Zolotukhin, I.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 590, A1, 28.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey

T2 - VII. The third XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue

AU - Rosen, S. R.

AU - Webb, N. A.

AU - Watson, M. G.

AU - Ballet, J.

AU - Barret, D.

AU - Braito, V.

AU - Carrera, F. J.

AU - Ceballos, M. T.

AU - Coriat, M.

AU - Della Ceca, R.

AU - Denkinson, G.

AU - Esquej, P.

AU - Farrell, S. A.

AU - Freyberg, M.

AU - Grise, Fabien

AU - Guillout, P.

AU - Heil, L.

AU - Koliopanos, F.

AU - Law-Green, D.

AU - Lamer, G.

AU - Lin, D.

AU - Martino, R.

AU - Michel, L.

AU - Motch, C.

AU - Nebot Gomez-Moran, A.

AU - Page, C. G.

AU - Page, K.

AU - Page, M.

AU - Pakull, M. W.

AU - Pye, J.

AU - Read, A.

AU - Rodriguez, P.

AU - Sakano, M.

AU - Saxton, R.

AU - Schwope, A.

AU - Scott, A. E.

AU - Sturm, R.

AU - Traulsen, I.

AU - Yershov, V.

AU - Zolotukhin, I.

PY - 2016/4/28

Y1 - 2016/4/28

N2 - Context. Thanks to the large collecting area (3 × ∼1500 cm2 at 1.5 keV) and wide field of view (30′ across in full field mode) of the X-ray cameras on board the European Space Agency X-ray observatory XMM-Newton, each individual pointing can result in the detection of up to several hundred X-ray sources, most of which are newly discovered objects. Since XMM-Newton has now been in orbit for more than 15 yr, hundreds of thousands of sources have been detected. Aims. Recently, many improvements in the XMM-Newton data reduction algorithms have been made. These include enhanced source characterisation and reduced spurious source detections, refined astrometric precision of sources, greater net sensitivity for source detection, and the extraction of spectra and time series for fainter sources, both with better signal-to-noise. Thanks to these enhancements, the quality of the catalogue products has been much improved over earlier catalogues. Furthermore, almost 50% more observations are in the public domain compared to 2XMMi-DR3, allowing the XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre to produce a much larger and better quality X-ray source catalogue. Methods. The XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre has developed a pipeline to reduce the XMM-Newton data automatically. Using the latest version of this pipeline, along with better calibration, a new version of the catalogue has been produced, using XMM-Newton X-ray observations made public on or before 2013 December 31. Manual screening of all of the X-ray detections ensures the highest data quality. This catalogue is known as 3XMM. Results. In the latest release of the 3XMM catalogue, 3XMM-DR5, there are 565 962 X-ray detections comprising 396 910 unique X-ray sources. Spectra and lightcurves are provided for the 133 000 brightest sources. For all detections, the positions on the sky, a measure of the quality of the detection, and an evaluation of the X-ray variability is provided, along with the fluxes and count rates in 7 X-ray energy bands, the total 0.2-12 keV band counts, and four hardness ratios. With the aim of identifying the detections, a cross correlation with 228 catalogues of sources detected in all wavebands is also provided for each X-ray detection. Conclusions. 3XMM-DR5 is the largest X-ray source catalogue ever produced. Thanks to the large array of data products associated with each detection and each source, it is an excellent resource for finding new and extreme objects.

AB - Context. Thanks to the large collecting area (3 × ∼1500 cm2 at 1.5 keV) and wide field of view (30′ across in full field mode) of the X-ray cameras on board the European Space Agency X-ray observatory XMM-Newton, each individual pointing can result in the detection of up to several hundred X-ray sources, most of which are newly discovered objects. Since XMM-Newton has now been in orbit for more than 15 yr, hundreds of thousands of sources have been detected. Aims. Recently, many improvements in the XMM-Newton data reduction algorithms have been made. These include enhanced source characterisation and reduced spurious source detections, refined astrometric precision of sources, greater net sensitivity for source detection, and the extraction of spectra and time series for fainter sources, both with better signal-to-noise. Thanks to these enhancements, the quality of the catalogue products has been much improved over earlier catalogues. Furthermore, almost 50% more observations are in the public domain compared to 2XMMi-DR3, allowing the XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre to produce a much larger and better quality X-ray source catalogue. Methods. The XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre has developed a pipeline to reduce the XMM-Newton data automatically. Using the latest version of this pipeline, along with better calibration, a new version of the catalogue has been produced, using XMM-Newton X-ray observations made public on or before 2013 December 31. Manual screening of all of the X-ray detections ensures the highest data quality. This catalogue is known as 3XMM. Results. In the latest release of the 3XMM catalogue, 3XMM-DR5, there are 565 962 X-ray detections comprising 396 910 unique X-ray sources. Spectra and lightcurves are provided for the 133 000 brightest sources. For all detections, the positions on the sky, a measure of the quality of the detection, and an evaluation of the X-ray variability is provided, along with the fluxes and count rates in 7 X-ray energy bands, the total 0.2-12 keV band counts, and four hardness ratios. With the aim of identifying the detections, a cross correlation with 228 catalogues of sources detected in all wavebands is also provided for each X-ray detection. Conclusions. 3XMM-DR5 is the largest X-ray source catalogue ever produced. Thanks to the large array of data products associated with each detection and each source, it is an excellent resource for finding new and extreme objects.

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