Theoretical studies of NH4+ (H2O)20 and NH3(H2O)20H+ clusters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The MP2/6-31G*// HF/6-31G*, B3LYP/6-31G* level studies on NH4+(H2O)20 suggest that the cluster with a NH4+ ion in the dodecahedral cavity (isomer 1) has almost the same energy as the cluster with a NH4+ ion on the cage surface and a neutral water molecule in the cavity (isomer 2). The NH3(H2O)20H+ cluster (isomer 3) with a neutral NH3 molecule in the cavity and a hydronium ion on the surface is significantly less stable. These results are sharply different from those of (H2O)21H+ isomers in which hydronium ion is always on the cage surface [Chem. Phys. Lett. 319 (2000) 440] and a neutral water molecule in the cavity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume338
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Theoretical studies of NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup> (H<sub>2</sub>O)<sub>20</sub> and NH<sub>3</sub>(H<sub>2</sub>O)<sub>20</sub>H<sup>+</sup> clusters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this