Theoretical studies on the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) complexes with different N^N ligands

Deming Han, Gang Zhang, Hongxing Cai, Xihe Zhang, Lihui Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report a quantum chemical study of the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) biscarbene complexes with different heteroleptic N^N ligands. The theoretical calculation reveals that the lowest-lying singlet absorptions at 434 nm for 1 and 487 nm for 3 are attributed to the mixed transition characters of metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). However, for 2, the lowest-lying singlet absorption at 509 nm is attributed to the MLCT. For 1-3, the phosphorescence at 739, 913, and 737 nm are mainly attributed to 3 MLCT and 3 LLCT characters. For 1 and 3, the emission energies are nearly the same, which is larger than that of 2. Ionization potentials (IP) and electron affinities (EA) calculations show that the assumed complex 3 has large EA value and enhanced electron injection ability as compared to complexes 1 and 2. Moreover, the reasons for different transition characters and phosphorescence quantum yield for the three complexes have been discussed in this paper. This theoretical contribution allows the factors determining the efficiency of radiative and nonradiative decay pathways in the three complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular crystals and liquid crystals
Volume575
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Fingerprint

Iridium
iridium
Electronic structure
Ligands
electronic structure
ligands
Charge transfer
charge transfer
Phosphorescence
Electron affinity
Metals
phosphorescence
electron affinity
metals
Electron injection
Ionization potential
Quantum yield
ionization potentials
injection
decay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Han, Deming ; Zhang, Gang ; Cai, Hongxing ; Zhang, Xihe ; Zhao, Lihui. / Theoretical studies on the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) complexes with different N^N ligands. In: Molecular crystals and liquid crystals. 2013 ; Vol. 575, No. 1. pp. 140-151.
@article{ac0e737890924658b5b79444a02d6c45,
title = "Theoretical studies on the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) complexes with different N^N ligands",
abstract = "We report a quantum chemical study of the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) biscarbene complexes with different heteroleptic N^N ligands. The theoretical calculation reveals that the lowest-lying singlet absorptions at 434 nm for 1 and 487 nm for 3 are attributed to the mixed transition characters of metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). However, for 2, the lowest-lying singlet absorption at 509 nm is attributed to the MLCT. For 1-3, the phosphorescence at 739, 913, and 737 nm are mainly attributed to 3 MLCT and 3 LLCT characters. For 1 and 3, the emission energies are nearly the same, which is larger than that of 2. Ionization potentials (IP) and electron affinities (EA) calculations show that the assumed complex 3 has large EA value and enhanced electron injection ability as compared to complexes 1 and 2. Moreover, the reasons for different transition characters and phosphorescence quantum yield for the three complexes have been discussed in this paper. This theoretical contribution allows the factors determining the efficiency of radiative and nonradiative decay pathways in the three complexes.",
author = "Deming Han and Gang Zhang and Hongxing Cai and Xihe Zhang and Lihui Zhao",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15421406.2013.766921",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "575",
pages = "140--151",
journal = "Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals",
issn = "1542-1406",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

Theoretical studies on the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) complexes with different N^N ligands. / Han, Deming; Zhang, Gang; Cai, Hongxing; Zhang, Xihe; Zhao, Lihui.

In: Molecular crystals and liquid crystals, Vol. 575, No. 1, 01.06.2013, p. 140-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Theoretical studies on the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) complexes with different N^N ligands

AU - Han, Deming

AU - Zhang, Gang

AU - Cai, Hongxing

AU - Zhang, Xihe

AU - Zhao, Lihui

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - We report a quantum chemical study of the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) biscarbene complexes with different heteroleptic N^N ligands. The theoretical calculation reveals that the lowest-lying singlet absorptions at 434 nm for 1 and 487 nm for 3 are attributed to the mixed transition characters of metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). However, for 2, the lowest-lying singlet absorption at 509 nm is attributed to the MLCT. For 1-3, the phosphorescence at 739, 913, and 737 nm are mainly attributed to 3 MLCT and 3 LLCT characters. For 1 and 3, the emission energies are nearly the same, which is larger than that of 2. Ionization potentials (IP) and electron affinities (EA) calculations show that the assumed complex 3 has large EA value and enhanced electron injection ability as compared to complexes 1 and 2. Moreover, the reasons for different transition characters and phosphorescence quantum yield for the three complexes have been discussed in this paper. This theoretical contribution allows the factors determining the efficiency of radiative and nonradiative decay pathways in the three complexes.

AB - We report a quantum chemical study of the electronic structures and spectral properties of three iridium(III) biscarbene complexes with different heteroleptic N^N ligands. The theoretical calculation reveals that the lowest-lying singlet absorptions at 434 nm for 1 and 487 nm for 3 are attributed to the mixed transition characters of metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). However, for 2, the lowest-lying singlet absorption at 509 nm is attributed to the MLCT. For 1-3, the phosphorescence at 739, 913, and 737 nm are mainly attributed to 3 MLCT and 3 LLCT characters. For 1 and 3, the emission energies are nearly the same, which is larger than that of 2. Ionization potentials (IP) and electron affinities (EA) calculations show that the assumed complex 3 has large EA value and enhanced electron injection ability as compared to complexes 1 and 2. Moreover, the reasons for different transition characters and phosphorescence quantum yield for the three complexes have been discussed in this paper. This theoretical contribution allows the factors determining the efficiency of radiative and nonradiative decay pathways in the three complexes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877154892&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877154892&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15421406.2013.766921

DO - 10.1080/15421406.2013.766921

M3 - Article

VL - 575

SP - 140

EP - 151

JO - Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals

JF - Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals

SN - 1542-1406

IS - 1

ER -