Theory and experiment on optical transverse intensity bistability in the transmission through a nonlinear thin (nematic liquid crystal) film

Iam-choon Khoo, P. Y. Yan, T. H. Liu, S. Shepard, J. Y. Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A theory is presented for the transverse intensity distribution bistability of a Gaussian optical beam after its passage through a nonlinear thin film. The equations governing the intensity distribution are cast in the form analogous to optical bistability in a longitudinal cavity (a Fabry-Perot interferometer), i.e., into two coupled transcendental equations from which multiple solutions are obtained. This formalism allows one to examine various physical approximations in obtaining the equations, and to improve on these approximations. It also lucidly illustrates the mechanisms of transverse intensity distribution bistability. The theoretical predictions are verified with quantitative experimental results on thin films of nematic liquid crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2756-2764
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

Fingerprint

liquid crystals
optical bistability
Fabry-Perot interferometers
thin films
approximation
casts
formalism
cavities
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

@article{713112cee03a4c9e8c33ad411d2f6e6d,
title = "Theory and experiment on optical transverse intensity bistability in the transmission through a nonlinear thin (nematic liquid crystal) film",
abstract = "A theory is presented for the transverse intensity distribution bistability of a Gaussian optical beam after its passage through a nonlinear thin film. The equations governing the intensity distribution are cast in the form analogous to optical bistability in a longitudinal cavity (a Fabry-Perot interferometer), i.e., into two coupled transcendental equations from which multiple solutions are obtained. This formalism allows one to examine various physical approximations in obtaining the equations, and to improve on these approximations. It also lucidly illustrates the mechanisms of transverse intensity distribution bistability. The theoretical predictions are verified with quantitative experimental results on thin films of nematic liquid crystals.",
author = "Iam-choon Khoo and Yan, {P. Y.} and Liu, {T. H.} and S. Shepard and Hou, {J. Y.}",
year = "1984",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevA.29.2756",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "2756--2764",
journal = "Physical Review A",
issn = "2469-9926",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "5",

}

Theory and experiment on optical transverse intensity bistability in the transmission through a nonlinear thin (nematic liquid crystal) film. / Khoo, Iam-choon; Yan, P. Y.; Liu, T. H.; Shepard, S.; Hou, J. Y.

In: Physical Review A, Vol. 29, No. 5, 01.01.1984, p. 2756-2764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Theory and experiment on optical transverse intensity bistability in the transmission through a nonlinear thin (nematic liquid crystal) film

AU - Khoo, Iam-choon

AU - Yan, P. Y.

AU - Liu, T. H.

AU - Shepard, S.

AU - Hou, J. Y.

PY - 1984/1/1

Y1 - 1984/1/1

N2 - A theory is presented for the transverse intensity distribution bistability of a Gaussian optical beam after its passage through a nonlinear thin film. The equations governing the intensity distribution are cast in the form analogous to optical bistability in a longitudinal cavity (a Fabry-Perot interferometer), i.e., into two coupled transcendental equations from which multiple solutions are obtained. This formalism allows one to examine various physical approximations in obtaining the equations, and to improve on these approximations. It also lucidly illustrates the mechanisms of transverse intensity distribution bistability. The theoretical predictions are verified with quantitative experimental results on thin films of nematic liquid crystals.

AB - A theory is presented for the transverse intensity distribution bistability of a Gaussian optical beam after its passage through a nonlinear thin film. The equations governing the intensity distribution are cast in the form analogous to optical bistability in a longitudinal cavity (a Fabry-Perot interferometer), i.e., into two coupled transcendental equations from which multiple solutions are obtained. This formalism allows one to examine various physical approximations in obtaining the equations, and to improve on these approximations. It also lucidly illustrates the mechanisms of transverse intensity distribution bistability. The theoretical predictions are verified with quantitative experimental results on thin films of nematic liquid crystals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0005192523&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0005192523&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.29.2756

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.29.2756

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0005192523

VL - 29

SP - 2756

EP - 2764

JO - Physical Review A

JF - Physical Review A

SN - 2469-9926

IS - 5

ER -