Thermal anneal activation of defects resulting from atomic hydrogen treatment of Si wafers in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma system have been studied. Following short-term (4-12 min), low-temperature hydrogenation, n- and p-Si wafers were annealed over the temperature range 300-750 °C for 20 min. While only a small broad peak is seen immediately after hydrogenation, several pronounced and distinct majority carrier trap levels show up in deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) measurements on samples annealed at 450 °C and above. The concentrations of these deep levels reach a maximum at anneal temperatures around 500 °C and drop substantially beyond 750 °C. This phenomenon appears to be unrelated to the presence of oxygen in Si and is of potential importance in silicon processing technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering