Quench protection is a remaining challenge impeding the implementation of high temperature superconductor (HTS)-based magnet applications. This is due primarily to the slow normal zone propagation velocity (NZPV) observed in Bi2Sr2CaCu2OX (Bi2212) and (RE)Ba2Cu3O7-x (REBCO) systems. Recent computational and experimental findings reveal significant improvements in turn-to-turn NZPV, resulting in a magnet that is more stable and easier to protect through three-dimensional normal zone growth (Phillips M 2009; Ishmael S et al 2013 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23 7201311). These improvements are achieved by replacing conventional insulation materials, such as Kapton and mullite braid, with a thin, thermally conducting, electrically-insulating ceramic oxide coating. This paper reports on the temperature-dependent thermal properties, electrical breakdown limits and microstructural characteristics of a titanium oxide (TiO2) insulation and a doped-TiO2-based proprietary insulation (doped-TiO2) shown previously to enhance quench behavior (Ishmael S et al 2013 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23 7201311). Breakdown voltages at 77 K ranging from ∼1.5 kV to over 5 kV are reported. At 4.2 K, the TiO2 increases the thermal conductivity of polyimide by about a factor of 10. With the addition of a dopant, thermal conductivity is increased by an additional 13%, and a high temperature heat treatment increases it by nearly an additional 100%. Similar increases are observed at 77 K and room temperature. These results are understood in the context of the various microstructures observed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry