Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Localized temperature gradients in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell are known to decrease the durability of the polymer membrane. The most important factor in controlling these temperature gradients is the thermal contact resistance at the interface of the gas diffusion layer and the bipolar plate. Here we present thermal contact resistance measurements of carbon paper and carbon cloth gas diffusion layers over a pressure range of 0.7 - 14.5 MPa. Contact resistances are highly dependent upon the clamping pressure applied to a fuel cell, and in the present work, contact resistances vary from 3.5E-4 to 2.0E-5 m2K/W, decreasing non-linearly over the pressure range for each material tested. The data presented here also shows that the thermal resistance of the sample is negligible in comparison to the thermal contact resistance. Thermal uniformity in a fuel cell is desirable, and the measurements presented here can be used to more accurately predict temperature distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791856611
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2015Jul 2 2015

Other

OtherASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period6/28/157/2/15

Fingerprint

Diffusion in gases
Contact resistance
Fuel cells
Electrolytes
Polymers
Thermal gradients
Carbon
Heat resistance
Durability
Temperature distribution
Hot Temperature
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Hollinger, A. S., & Thynell, S. (2015). Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL201549293
Hollinger, Adam Scott ; Thynell, Stefan. / Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.
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abstract = "Localized temperature gradients in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell are known to decrease the durability of the polymer membrane. The most important factor in controlling these temperature gradients is the thermal contact resistance at the interface of the gas diffusion layer and the bipolar plate. Here we present thermal contact resistance measurements of carbon paper and carbon cloth gas diffusion layers over a pressure range of 0.7 - 14.5 MPa. Contact resistances are highly dependent upon the clamping pressure applied to a fuel cell, and in the present work, contact resistances vary from 3.5E-4 to 2.0E-5 m2K/W, decreasing non-linearly over the pressure range for each material tested. The data presented here also shows that the thermal resistance of the sample is negligible in comparison to the thermal contact resistance. Thermal uniformity in a fuel cell is desirable, and the measurements presented here can be used to more accurately predict temperature distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell.",
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Hollinger, AS & Thynell, S 2015, Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. in ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum, San Diego, United States, 6/28/15. https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL201549293

Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. / Hollinger, Adam Scott; Thynell, Stefan.

ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Localized temperature gradients in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell are known to decrease the durability of the polymer membrane. The most important factor in controlling these temperature gradients is the thermal contact resistance at the interface of the gas diffusion layer and the bipolar plate. Here we present thermal contact resistance measurements of carbon paper and carbon cloth gas diffusion layers over a pressure range of 0.7 - 14.5 MPa. Contact resistances are highly dependent upon the clamping pressure applied to a fuel cell, and in the present work, contact resistances vary from 3.5E-4 to 2.0E-5 m2K/W, decreasing non-linearly over the pressure range for each material tested. The data presented here also shows that the thermal resistance of the sample is negligible in comparison to the thermal contact resistance. Thermal uniformity in a fuel cell is desirable, and the measurements presented here can be used to more accurately predict temperature distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell.

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Hollinger AS, Thynell S. Thermal contact resistance measurements of gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. In ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2015 https://doi.org/10.1115/FUELCELL201549293