Thermal Expansion Anisotropy and Acoustic Emission of NaZr2P3O12 Family Ceramics

Varanasi Srikanth, Eleswarapu C. Subbarao, Dinesh Kumar Agrawal, Chi‐Yuen ‐Y Huang, Rustum Roy, Gutti V. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most members of the NaZr2P3O12 (NZP) family possess low, near zero, overall thermal expansion coefficients. However, they also exhibit anisotropy of axial thermal expansion. Some compounds have opposite anisotropy; for example, the a parameter of CaZr4P6O24 contracts on heating and that of SrZr4P6O24 expands, while the c parameter expands for the Ca compound and contracts for the Sr compound. The anisotropy of the axial thermal expansion of these materials is believed to induce microcracking. The acoustic emission method was employed here to detect microcracking in ceramics due to the axial thermal expansion anisotropy. Acoustic signals were observed during cooling of the Ca and Sr compounds from 500°C, and Na and K compounds from 600°C. On the other hand, no acoustic emission signal is detected in Ca0.5Sr0.5Zr4P6O24 ceramics, in which the lattice parameters a and c remain nearly unchanged in the temperature range of room temperature to 500°C. Thus, a direct correlation between microcracking of ceramics and their anisotropic axial thermal expansion coefficients was established by employing acoustic emission monitoring techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-368
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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acoustic emission
thermal expansion
Acoustic emissions
ceramics
Thermal expansion
Anisotropy
anisotropy
Microcracking
Lattice constants
acoustics
Acoustics
temperature
family
Cooling
heating
cooling
Heating
Temperature
Monitoring
parameter

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Srikanth, Varanasi ; Subbarao, Eleswarapu C. ; Agrawal, Dinesh Kumar ; Huang, Chi‐Yuen ‐Y ; Roy, Rustum ; Rao, Gutti V. / Thermal Expansion Anisotropy and Acoustic Emission of NaZr2P3O12 Family Ceramics. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 1991 ; Vol. 74, No. 2. pp. 365-368.
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Thermal Expansion Anisotropy and Acoustic Emission of NaZr2P3O12 Family Ceramics. / Srikanth, Varanasi; Subbarao, Eleswarapu C.; Agrawal, Dinesh Kumar; Huang, Chi‐Yuen ‐Y; Roy, Rustum; Rao, Gutti V.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 74, No. 2, 01.01.1991, p. 365-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Rao, Gutti V.

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N2 - Most members of the NaZr2P3O12 (NZP) family possess low, near zero, overall thermal expansion coefficients. However, they also exhibit anisotropy of axial thermal expansion. Some compounds have opposite anisotropy; for example, the a parameter of CaZr4P6O24 contracts on heating and that of SrZr4P6O24 expands, while the c parameter expands for the Ca compound and contracts for the Sr compound. The anisotropy of the axial thermal expansion of these materials is believed to induce microcracking. The acoustic emission method was employed here to detect microcracking in ceramics due to the axial thermal expansion anisotropy. Acoustic signals were observed during cooling of the Ca and Sr compounds from 500°C, and Na and K compounds from 600°C. On the other hand, no acoustic emission signal is detected in Ca0.5Sr0.5Zr4P6O24 ceramics, in which the lattice parameters a and c remain nearly unchanged in the temperature range of room temperature to 500°C. Thus, a direct correlation between microcracking of ceramics and their anisotropic axial thermal expansion coefficients was established by employing acoustic emission monitoring techniques.

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