Thermal hydraulic model of the molten salt reactor experiment with the NEAMS system analysis module

Adrian M. Leandro, Florent Heidet, Rui Hu, Nicholas R. Brown

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    System analysis codes have a long history of providing best-estimate and conservative safety analysis for both light water and advanced reactor technologies, including molten salt reactors. As interest continues to expand with advanced reactor concepts, system analysis codes will need revisions to accommodate the behavior of these technologies. Legacy system analysis codes will need to be updated to the latest numerical techniques to shorten execution time and increase the accuracy of results. One example of a modern system analysis code that already encompasses these characteristics is the System Analysis Module (SAM). One key objective of this paper was to review available information for system code modeling of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) from sources in the open literature and collect the information from these open sources in one place for the first time. This supports the potential objective of developing an open specification for system code analysis for MSRE steady state and transients with and without reactor kinetics. Data from actual MSRE tests will serve as the basis for code-to-code comparison exercises, including the MSRE zero power physics tests, the fuel pump start-up and coast down tests, and the natural circulation transient. The objective is to produce a code-to-code benchmark with a standardized set of comparison problems, recognizing the limitations of the original data. To demonstrate an initial application of this objective and the usefulness of compiling this open data, two Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE)-related models were developed to evaluate SAM for liquid fueled molten salt reactors. One model was the SAM MSRE hydraulic mockup, which provided experimental data for pressure drop measurements. The second model was the complete MSRE primary loop. The MSRE primary loop model incorporated a fluoride salt fuel/coolant with heat transfer in both the core and heat exchanger. For both the hydraulic mockup and MSRE primary loop models, a holistic 1-D system description was built using open documentation, an open description that can be readily modified and applied for any system analysis code. SAM results for the pressure drop of the hydraulic mockup model were within 6% with measurements. Coolant temperatures for the primary loop model matched the expected axial change in temperature from historical calculations. Using alternative coolant properties obtained from the literature, corresponding to salts with different actinide contents, returned similar trends in core temperature profiles. A thermal hydraulic demonstration of a loss-of-flow transient showed the importance of coupling SAM thermal hydraulic analysis to neutronics. This coupling is essential for simulating MSR transients with system analysis codes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)59-67
    Number of pages9
    JournalAnnals of Nuclear Energy
    Volume126
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2019

    Fingerprint

    Hydraulic models
    Systems analysis
    Experiments
    Hydraulics
    Coolants
    Pressure drop
    Hot Temperature
    Molten salt reactor
    Fuel pumps
    Salts
    Legacy systems
    Actinides
    Temperature
    Heat exchangers
    Coastal zones
    Demonstrations
    Physics
    Heat transfer
    Specifications

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

    Cite this

    Leandro, Adrian M. ; Heidet, Florent ; Hu, Rui ; Brown, Nicholas R. / Thermal hydraulic model of the molten salt reactor experiment with the NEAMS system analysis module. In: Annals of Nuclear Energy. 2019 ; Vol. 126. pp. 59-67.
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    abstract = "System analysis codes have a long history of providing best-estimate and conservative safety analysis for both light water and advanced reactor technologies, including molten salt reactors. As interest continues to expand with advanced reactor concepts, system analysis codes will need revisions to accommodate the behavior of these technologies. Legacy system analysis codes will need to be updated to the latest numerical techniques to shorten execution time and increase the accuracy of results. One example of a modern system analysis code that already encompasses these characteristics is the System Analysis Module (SAM). One key objective of this paper was to review available information for system code modeling of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) from sources in the open literature and collect the information from these open sources in one place for the first time. This supports the potential objective of developing an open specification for system code analysis for MSRE steady state and transients with and without reactor kinetics. Data from actual MSRE tests will serve as the basis for code-to-code comparison exercises, including the MSRE zero power physics tests, the fuel pump start-up and coast down tests, and the natural circulation transient. The objective is to produce a code-to-code benchmark with a standardized set of comparison problems, recognizing the limitations of the original data. To demonstrate an initial application of this objective and the usefulness of compiling this open data, two Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE)-related models were developed to evaluate SAM for liquid fueled molten salt reactors. One model was the SAM MSRE hydraulic mockup, which provided experimental data for pressure drop measurements. The second model was the complete MSRE primary loop. The MSRE primary loop model incorporated a fluoride salt fuel/coolant with heat transfer in both the core and heat exchanger. For both the hydraulic mockup and MSRE primary loop models, a holistic 1-D system description was built using open documentation, an open description that can be readily modified and applied for any system analysis code. SAM results for the pressure drop of the hydraulic mockup model were within 6{\%} with measurements. Coolant temperatures for the primary loop model matched the expected axial change in temperature from historical calculations. Using alternative coolant properties obtained from the literature, corresponding to salts with different actinide contents, returned similar trends in core temperature profiles. A thermal hydraulic demonstration of a loss-of-flow transient showed the importance of coupling SAM thermal hydraulic analysis to neutronics. This coupling is essential for simulating MSR transients with system analysis codes.",
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    Thermal hydraulic model of the molten salt reactor experiment with the NEAMS system analysis module. / Leandro, Adrian M.; Heidet, Florent; Hu, Rui; Brown, Nicholas R.

    In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, Vol. 126, 04.2019, p. 59-67.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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