Thermal-mechanical consequences of Basin and Range extension

Kevin Patrick Furlong, Michael D. Londe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extension zones within continents have complex patterns of tectonic evolution. The Basin and Range Province of western North America provides an ideal location to study the mode of extension in continental regions. We have utilized numerical models to test two distinct geological models of extension that have been proposed for the Basin and Range: (1) a model in which extension takes place by uniform (or pure shear) stretching; and (2) a model in which extension occurs along discrete low-angle shear zones by a simple shear mechanism. These numerical models indicate that both styles of extension produce results generally consistent with observed heat flow, gravity, and elevation data. Distinctive patterns in these data are maintained primarily during the period of extension, implying that present day observations are dominantly a consequence of an ongoing process. The results further imply that the effects of present day extension will obscure the evidence of previous extensional episodes at least as far as the parameters of heat flow, elevation, and gravity are concerned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America
Volume208
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Fingerprint

basin
heat flow
gravity
tectonic evolution
shear zone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

Cite this

@article{57b9a87aa7ff47018938822a6afeb5a9,
title = "Thermal-mechanical consequences of Basin and Range extension",
abstract = "Extension zones within continents have complex patterns of tectonic evolution. The Basin and Range Province of western North America provides an ideal location to study the mode of extension in continental regions. We have utilized numerical models to test two distinct geological models of extension that have been proposed for the Basin and Range: (1) a model in which extension takes place by uniform (or pure shear) stretching; and (2) a model in which extension occurs along discrete low-angle shear zones by a simple shear mechanism. These numerical models indicate that both styles of extension produce results generally consistent with observed heat flow, gravity, and elevation data. Distinctive patterns in these data are maintained primarily during the period of extension, implying that present day observations are dominantly a consequence of an ongoing process. The results further imply that the effects of present day extension will obscure the evidence of previous extensional episodes at least as far as the parameters of heat flow, elevation, and gravity are concerned.",
author = "Furlong, {Kevin Patrick} and Londe, {Michael D.}",
year = "1986",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1130/SPE208-p23",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "208",
pages = "23--30",
journal = "Special Paper of the Geological Society of America",
issn = "0072-1077",
publisher = "Geological Society of America",

}

Thermal-mechanical consequences of Basin and Range extension. / Furlong, Kevin Patrick; Londe, Michael D.

In: Special Paper of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 208, 01.01.1986, p. 23-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermal-mechanical consequences of Basin and Range extension

AU - Furlong, Kevin Patrick

AU - Londe, Michael D.

PY - 1986/1/1

Y1 - 1986/1/1

N2 - Extension zones within continents have complex patterns of tectonic evolution. The Basin and Range Province of western North America provides an ideal location to study the mode of extension in continental regions. We have utilized numerical models to test two distinct geological models of extension that have been proposed for the Basin and Range: (1) a model in which extension takes place by uniform (or pure shear) stretching; and (2) a model in which extension occurs along discrete low-angle shear zones by a simple shear mechanism. These numerical models indicate that both styles of extension produce results generally consistent with observed heat flow, gravity, and elevation data. Distinctive patterns in these data are maintained primarily during the period of extension, implying that present day observations are dominantly a consequence of an ongoing process. The results further imply that the effects of present day extension will obscure the evidence of previous extensional episodes at least as far as the parameters of heat flow, elevation, and gravity are concerned.

AB - Extension zones within continents have complex patterns of tectonic evolution. The Basin and Range Province of western North America provides an ideal location to study the mode of extension in continental regions. We have utilized numerical models to test two distinct geological models of extension that have been proposed for the Basin and Range: (1) a model in which extension takes place by uniform (or pure shear) stretching; and (2) a model in which extension occurs along discrete low-angle shear zones by a simple shear mechanism. These numerical models indicate that both styles of extension produce results generally consistent with observed heat flow, gravity, and elevation data. Distinctive patterns in these data are maintained primarily during the period of extension, implying that present day observations are dominantly a consequence of an ongoing process. The results further imply that the effects of present day extension will obscure the evidence of previous extensional episodes at least as far as the parameters of heat flow, elevation, and gravity are concerned.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646325149&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646325149&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1130/SPE208-p23

DO - 10.1130/SPE208-p23

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646325149

VL - 208

SP - 23

EP - 30

JO - Special Paper of the Geological Society of America

JF - Special Paper of the Geological Society of America

SN - 0072-1077

ER -