Thermal saturation and its suppression in high-power, compact carbon nanotube thin-film thermophones

Timothy A. Brungart, James J. Chatterley, Benjamin S. Beck, Brian L. Kline, Zachary W. Yoas

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotube (CNT) thin-film thermophones, at sufficiently high input power levels, suffer from thermal saturation where an increase in the input power does not result in a corresponding increase in the sound pressure level generated. It is believed that high temperature air, trapped in and around the CNT film, inhibits the ability of the CNT film to cool sufficiently between heating cycles, thus limiting the sound pressure output and increasing in severity with both input power and frequency. Thermal saturation appears to be particularly acute for CNT thermophones designed for compactness or when placed inside a protective or loudspeaker enclosure, where natural convection or heat transfer from the film is inhibited. Fan cooling was integrated into a CNT thermophone and demonstrated to both reduce the temperature of the CNT film and suppress, almost entirely, the effects of thermal saturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number030002
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2016
Event172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Nov 28 2016Dec 2 2016

Fingerprint

carbon nanotubes
retarding
saturation
thin films
sound pressure
high temperature air
loudspeakers
void ratio
enclosure
fans
free convection
heat transfer
cooling
cycles
heating
output
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

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abstract = "Carbon nanotube (CNT) thin-film thermophones, at sufficiently high input power levels, suffer from thermal saturation where an increase in the input power does not result in a corresponding increase in the sound pressure level generated. It is believed that high temperature air, trapped in and around the CNT film, inhibits the ability of the CNT film to cool sufficiently between heating cycles, thus limiting the sound pressure output and increasing in severity with both input power and frequency. Thermal saturation appears to be particularly acute for CNT thermophones designed for compactness or when placed inside a protective or loudspeaker enclosure, where natural convection or heat transfer from the film is inhibited. Fan cooling was integrated into a CNT thermophone and demonstrated to both reduce the temperature of the CNT film and suppress, almost entirely, the effects of thermal saturation.",
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Thermal saturation and its suppression in high-power, compact carbon nanotube thin-film thermophones. / Brungart, Timothy A.; Chatterley, James J.; Beck, Benjamin S.; Kline, Brian L.; Yoas, Zachary W.

In: Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, Vol. 29, No. 1, 030002, 28.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Thermal saturation and its suppression in high-power, compact carbon nanotube thin-film thermophones

AU - Brungart, Timothy A.

AU - Chatterley, James J.

AU - Beck, Benjamin S.

AU - Kline, Brian L.

AU - Yoas, Zachary W.

PY - 2016/11/28

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N2 - Carbon nanotube (CNT) thin-film thermophones, at sufficiently high input power levels, suffer from thermal saturation where an increase in the input power does not result in a corresponding increase in the sound pressure level generated. It is believed that high temperature air, trapped in and around the CNT film, inhibits the ability of the CNT film to cool sufficiently between heating cycles, thus limiting the sound pressure output and increasing in severity with both input power and frequency. Thermal saturation appears to be particularly acute for CNT thermophones designed for compactness or when placed inside a protective or loudspeaker enclosure, where natural convection or heat transfer from the film is inhibited. Fan cooling was integrated into a CNT thermophone and demonstrated to both reduce the temperature of the CNT film and suppress, almost entirely, the effects of thermal saturation.

AB - Carbon nanotube (CNT) thin-film thermophones, at sufficiently high input power levels, suffer from thermal saturation where an increase in the input power does not result in a corresponding increase in the sound pressure level generated. It is believed that high temperature air, trapped in and around the CNT film, inhibits the ability of the CNT film to cool sufficiently between heating cycles, thus limiting the sound pressure output and increasing in severity with both input power and frequency. Thermal saturation appears to be particularly acute for CNT thermophones designed for compactness or when placed inside a protective or loudspeaker enclosure, where natural convection or heat transfer from the film is inhibited. Fan cooling was integrated into a CNT thermophone and demonstrated to both reduce the temperature of the CNT film and suppress, almost entirely, the effects of thermal saturation.

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