Polymer dielectrics with low-loss and high-temperature tolerance are extremely desirable as electrical energy storage materials for advanced electronics and electrical power applications. They can allow fast switching rates during power conversion and therefore achieve high power densities without thermal issues. Here, we explore polypropylene (PP), the state of the art dielectric polymer, and present an innovative approach to substantially improve the thermal stability and concurrently reduce the dielectric loss of PP. In particular, cross-linkable antioxidant groups, hindered phenol (HP), are incorporated into PP via well-controlled chemical synthesis. The grafted HP can simultaneously serve as radical scavenger and cross-linker, thereby constraining thermally decomposed radicals and charge transport in the synthesized PP-HP copolymer. As a result, the upper-temperature limit of PP-HP is greatly extended to 190 °C and the electrical loss is even gradually reduced upon thermal annealing. The copolymer after heating under 190 °C exhibits better dielectric properties than the PP without any thermal treatment. The experimental results indicate that the PP-HP copolymers are promising materials for high-temperature, low-loss, and high-voltage dielectric applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)