Thermodynamic parameters for polyether adducts with neutral molecules

J. N. Spencer, Abrahim I. Zafar, Travis F. Ganunis, C. H. Yoder, Larry J. Fenton, James L. Ealy, Sunita Gupta, Christine M. Salata, Ian Paul, William J. Nicholson, J. E. Mihalick

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Abstract

Thermodynamic parameters for the interaction of neutral molecules with cyclic and acyclic polyethers in benzene solvent have been determined by calorimetry. Although triethylene glycol dimethyl ether loses more entropy upon adduct formation with malononitrile than does 12-crown-4, similar enthalpies of formation indicate that the electron-donating abilities of the oxygen atoms of cyclic or acyclic ethers are comparable. Thus, no macrocyclic effect is observed for 12-crown-4 when compared to its analogous acyclic ether. The interactions of malononitrile and acetonitrile with ethers seem to depend on the collective action of the oxygen atoms in the ethers. Dimethyltin dichloride binds to a specific oxygen site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3475-3477
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume96
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1992

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Spencer, J. N., Zafar, A. I., Ganunis, T. F., Yoder, C. H., Fenton, L. J., Ealy, J. L., ... Mihalick, J. E. (1992). Thermodynamic parameters for polyether adducts with neutral molecules. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 96(8), 3475-3477. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100187a055