Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales

Vaibhav Rajput, Turgay Ertekin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reservoir simulation and material balance techniques require accurate estimation of fluid storage and transportation mechanisms. In dry-gas shale reservoirs, it is widely acknowledged that gas adsorption is one of the most important storage mechanisms, and that it accounts for close to 45% of initial gas storage. In case of liquid-rich shales however, typically, adsorption is not considered as a storage mechanism. This paper proposes a method to estimate fluid adsorption from liquid phase in shale reservoirs. The proposed adsorption modeling formalism is based on the thermodynamically-consistent Ideal Adsorbed Solution (IAS) theory. The main development in this work is that adsorption from liquid phase can be calculated from its unsaturated vapor phase at the limiting saturation condition. Once the composition of this unsaturated phase is determined, the use of IAS theory would result in the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase being calculated. Initial results suggest that, given a liquid phase mixture, typically about 5-13% of the fluid is adsorbed. This indicates that a significant amount of the liquid mixture initially exists in the form of adsorbed phase. However, the amount of each component in the adsorbed form is strongly dependent upon the total adsorption capacity of the particular shale, the amount of adsorbent present, as well as the adsorption affinity exhibited by the shale towards each component. Negligence of accounting for adsorption from liquid phase would result in erroneous calculation of total recoverable reserves from a particular liquid-rich field. This would also affect the enhanced recovery calculations, as thermodynamics would play an important role in the sorption of hydrocarbon components. This paper presents a direct and thermodynamically-consistent method of calculating the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase from liquid-rich shale reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
Pages1022-1036
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9781632665294
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventSociety of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Apr 15 2014Apr 18 2014

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014
Volume2

Other

OtherSociety of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period4/15/144/18/14

Fingerprint

adsorption
Adsorption
liquid
Liquids
Shale
modeling
shale
Fluids
fluid
Chemical analysis
Enhanced recovery
Gas adsorption
gas storage
Hydrocarbons
Adsorbents
Sorption
sorption
thermodynamics
Vapors
Thermodynamics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Rajput, V., & Ertekin, T. (2014). Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales. In Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014 (pp. 1022-1036). (Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014; Vol. 2). Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Rajput, Vaibhav ; Ertekin, Turgay. / Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales. Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2014. pp. 1022-1036 (Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014).
@inproceedings{96f3c1b1c7d04696aca57031ea55998b,
title = "Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales",
abstract = "Reservoir simulation and material balance techniques require accurate estimation of fluid storage and transportation mechanisms. In dry-gas shale reservoirs, it is widely acknowledged that gas adsorption is one of the most important storage mechanisms, and that it accounts for close to 45{\%} of initial gas storage. In case of liquid-rich shales however, typically, adsorption is not considered as a storage mechanism. This paper proposes a method to estimate fluid adsorption from liquid phase in shale reservoirs. The proposed adsorption modeling formalism is based on the thermodynamically-consistent Ideal Adsorbed Solution (IAS) theory. The main development in this work is that adsorption from liquid phase can be calculated from its unsaturated vapor phase at the limiting saturation condition. Once the composition of this unsaturated phase is determined, the use of IAS theory would result in the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase being calculated. Initial results suggest that, given a liquid phase mixture, typically about 5-13{\%} of the fluid is adsorbed. This indicates that a significant amount of the liquid mixture initially exists in the form of adsorbed phase. However, the amount of each component in the adsorbed form is strongly dependent upon the total adsorption capacity of the particular shale, the amount of adsorbent present, as well as the adsorption affinity exhibited by the shale towards each component. Negligence of accounting for adsorption from liquid phase would result in erroneous calculation of total recoverable reserves from a particular liquid-rich field. This would also affect the enhanced recovery calculations, as thermodynamics would play an important role in the sorption of hydrocarbon components. This paper presents a direct and thermodynamically-consistent method of calculating the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase from liquid-rich shale reservoirs.",
author = "Vaibhav Rajput and Turgay Ertekin",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781632665294",
series = "Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014",
publisher = "Society of Petroleum Engineers",
pages = "1022--1036",
booktitle = "Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014",

}

Rajput, V & Ertekin, T 2014, Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales. in Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014, vol. 2, Society of Petroleum Engineers, pp. 1022-1036, Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014, Denver, CO, United States, 4/15/14.

Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales. / Rajput, Vaibhav; Ertekin, Turgay.

Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2014. p. 1022-1036 (Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales

AU - Rajput, Vaibhav

AU - Ertekin, Turgay

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Reservoir simulation and material balance techniques require accurate estimation of fluid storage and transportation mechanisms. In dry-gas shale reservoirs, it is widely acknowledged that gas adsorption is one of the most important storage mechanisms, and that it accounts for close to 45% of initial gas storage. In case of liquid-rich shales however, typically, adsorption is not considered as a storage mechanism. This paper proposes a method to estimate fluid adsorption from liquid phase in shale reservoirs. The proposed adsorption modeling formalism is based on the thermodynamically-consistent Ideal Adsorbed Solution (IAS) theory. The main development in this work is that adsorption from liquid phase can be calculated from its unsaturated vapor phase at the limiting saturation condition. Once the composition of this unsaturated phase is determined, the use of IAS theory would result in the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase being calculated. Initial results suggest that, given a liquid phase mixture, typically about 5-13% of the fluid is adsorbed. This indicates that a significant amount of the liquid mixture initially exists in the form of adsorbed phase. However, the amount of each component in the adsorbed form is strongly dependent upon the total adsorption capacity of the particular shale, the amount of adsorbent present, as well as the adsorption affinity exhibited by the shale towards each component. Negligence of accounting for adsorption from liquid phase would result in erroneous calculation of total recoverable reserves from a particular liquid-rich field. This would also affect the enhanced recovery calculations, as thermodynamics would play an important role in the sorption of hydrocarbon components. This paper presents a direct and thermodynamically-consistent method of calculating the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase from liquid-rich shale reservoirs.

AB - Reservoir simulation and material balance techniques require accurate estimation of fluid storage and transportation mechanisms. In dry-gas shale reservoirs, it is widely acknowledged that gas adsorption is one of the most important storage mechanisms, and that it accounts for close to 45% of initial gas storage. In case of liquid-rich shales however, typically, adsorption is not considered as a storage mechanism. This paper proposes a method to estimate fluid adsorption from liquid phase in shale reservoirs. The proposed adsorption modeling formalism is based on the thermodynamically-consistent Ideal Adsorbed Solution (IAS) theory. The main development in this work is that adsorption from liquid phase can be calculated from its unsaturated vapor phase at the limiting saturation condition. Once the composition of this unsaturated phase is determined, the use of IAS theory would result in the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase being calculated. Initial results suggest that, given a liquid phase mixture, typically about 5-13% of the fluid is adsorbed. This indicates that a significant amount of the liquid mixture initially exists in the form of adsorbed phase. However, the amount of each component in the adsorbed form is strongly dependent upon the total adsorption capacity of the particular shale, the amount of adsorbent present, as well as the adsorption affinity exhibited by the shale towards each component. Negligence of accounting for adsorption from liquid phase would result in erroneous calculation of total recoverable reserves from a particular liquid-rich field. This would also affect the enhanced recovery calculations, as thermodynamics would play an important role in the sorption of hydrocarbon components. This paper presents a direct and thermodynamically-consistent method of calculating the amount and composition of the adsorbed phase from liquid-rich shale reservoirs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907053291&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907053291&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84907053291

SN - 9781632665294

T3 - Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014

SP - 1022

EP - 1036

BT - Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014

PB - Society of Petroleum Engineers

ER -

Rajput V, Ertekin T. Thermodynamically-consistent modeling of adsorption in liquid-rich shales. In Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2014. p. 1022-1036. (Society of Petroleum Engineers Western North America and Rocky Mountain Joint Conference and Exhibition 2014).