Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films

Long-qing Chen, Ch Geng, R. Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films are discussed and compared to those in the corresponding bulk systems. Cluster Variation Method (CVM) in the pair approximation is employed to determine the dependence of the miscibility gap as a function of film thickness in a model FCC binary alloy with nearest neighbor interactions. For a fixed temperature and under certain microstructural constraint, the mutual solubility of a binary alloy increase as the film thickness decreases, and it becomes totally miscible for every thin films. For studying the kinetics of phase separation and morphological evolution, a model two-dimensional square lattice with a second-neighbor interaction model is considered and microscopic master equations in the point or pair approximations are employed. It is found that the presence of surfaces in nanoscale thin films plays a dominant role in the kinetics of spinodal decomposition and the development of morphologies. It is shown that there is always a dominant concentration wave perpendicular to the surfaces, which produces anisotropic morphological patterns, such as distorted hexagonal precipitate lattices at relatively low-volume fractions and straight stripes parallel to a surface at high volume fractions, even though the interphase boundary energy is nearly isotropic and the effect of elastic strain energy is not considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages63-74
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting - Orlando, FL, USA
Duration: Feb 9 1997Feb 13 1997

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting
CityOrlando, FL, USA
Period2/9/972/13/97

Fingerprint

Phase separation
thermodynamics
Binary alloys
Thermodynamics
Thin films
kinetics
Kinetics
Film thickness
Volume fraction
Solubility
Spinodal decomposition
Strain energy
Precipitates
energy
solubility
decomposition
Temperature
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Chen, L., Geng, C., & Kikuchi, R. (1997). Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films. 63-74. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, .
Chen, Long-qing ; Geng, Ch ; Kikuchi, R. / Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, .12 p.
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Chen, L, Geng, C & Kikuchi, R 1997, 'Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films', Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, 2/9/97 - 2/13/97 pp. 63-74.

Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films. / Chen, Long-qing; Geng, Ch; Kikuchi, R.

1997. 63-74 Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - The thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films are discussed and compared to those in the corresponding bulk systems. Cluster Variation Method (CVM) in the pair approximation is employed to determine the dependence of the miscibility gap as a function of film thickness in a model FCC binary alloy with nearest neighbor interactions. For a fixed temperature and under certain microstructural constraint, the mutual solubility of a binary alloy increase as the film thickness decreases, and it becomes totally miscible for every thin films. For studying the kinetics of phase separation and morphological evolution, a model two-dimensional square lattice with a second-neighbor interaction model is considered and microscopic master equations in the point or pair approximations are employed. It is found that the presence of surfaces in nanoscale thin films plays a dominant role in the kinetics of spinodal decomposition and the development of morphologies. It is shown that there is always a dominant concentration wave perpendicular to the surfaces, which produces anisotropic morphological patterns, such as distorted hexagonal precipitate lattices at relatively low-volume fractions and straight stripes parallel to a surface at high volume fractions, even though the interphase boundary energy is nearly isotropic and the effect of elastic strain energy is not considered.

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Chen L, Geng C, Kikuchi R. Thermodynamics, kinetics, and morphological evolution of phase separation in nanoscale thin films. 1997. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, .