Thermodynamics of the Mg-B system: Implications for the deposition of MgB2 thin films

Zi Kui Liu, D. G. Schlom, Qi Li, X. X. Xi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

223 Scopus citations


We have studied the thermodynamics of the Mg-B system with the calculation of phase diagrams modeling technique using a computerized optimization procedure. Temperature-composition, pressure-composition, and pressure-temperature phase diagrams under different conditions are obtained. The results provide helpful insights into appropriate processing conditions for thin films of the superconducting phase, MgB2, including the identification of the pressure-temperature region for adsorption-controlled growth. Due to the high volatility of Mg, MgB2 is thermodynamically stable only under fairly high-Mg overpressures for likely growth temperatures. This places severe temperature constraints on deposition techniques employing high-vacuum conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3678-3680
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 4 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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