Thermomechanical behaviour of actively cooled divertor elements with internal coolant flow return

M. Scheerer, H. Bolt, J. Linke, R. Lison, H. Sauer, I. Smid, R. Uhlemann

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

For future fusion devices, target element specimens with a reversal of the coolant flow have been designed, manufactured and tested. Two parallel OFHC-Cu tubes connected with another at one end by a Cu flow reversal element brazed onto blocks of a 2-D Carbon Fibber reinforced Carbon (CFC) have been selected to realize such divertor elements. To estimate the thermal behaviour, heat load experiments were performed in the high heat flux ion beam facility MARION. Peak power densities up to 13 MW/m2 for 5, 10 and 20 s of the elliptic Gaussian shaped hydrogen ion beam have been applied to the target element specimens. After extreme heat loads, cracks in the 2-D CFC block occurred leading to a strong deformation of the CFC and a partial detachment of the Cu tubes. By using a castellated CFC materials and a large number of braze depots for the target elements no cracking of the CFC material took place and a good thermal performance up to power loads of more than 10 MW/m2 has been achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume49-50
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2000
Event5th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology - Rome, Italy
Duration: Sep 19 2000Sep 24 2000

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Chemical elements
Coolants
Carbon
Thermal load
Ion beams
Protons
Heat flux
Fusion reactions
Cracks
Hydrogen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Scheerer, M. ; Bolt, H. ; Linke, J. ; Lison, R. ; Sauer, H. ; Smid, I. ; Uhlemann, R. / Thermomechanical behaviour of actively cooled divertor elements with internal coolant flow return. In: Fusion Engineering and Design. 2000 ; Vol. 49-50. pp. 331-336.
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Thermomechanical behaviour of actively cooled divertor elements with internal coolant flow return. / Scheerer, M.; Bolt, H.; Linke, J.; Lison, R.; Sauer, H.; Smid, I.; Uhlemann, R.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 49-50, 11.2000, p. 331-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Thermomechanical behaviour of actively cooled divertor elements with internal coolant flow return

AU - Scheerer, M.

AU - Bolt, H.

AU - Linke, J.

AU - Lison, R.

AU - Sauer, H.

AU - Smid, I.

AU - Uhlemann, R.

PY - 2000/11

Y1 - 2000/11

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AB - For future fusion devices, target element specimens with a reversal of the coolant flow have been designed, manufactured and tested. Two parallel OFHC-Cu tubes connected with another at one end by a Cu flow reversal element brazed onto blocks of a 2-D Carbon Fibber reinforced Carbon (CFC) have been selected to realize such divertor elements. To estimate the thermal behaviour, heat load experiments were performed in the high heat flux ion beam facility MARION. Peak power densities up to 13 MW/m2 for 5, 10 and 20 s of the elliptic Gaussian shaped hydrogen ion beam have been applied to the target element specimens. After extreme heat loads, cracks in the 2-D CFC block occurred leading to a strong deformation of the CFC and a partial detachment of the Cu tubes. By using a castellated CFC materials and a large number of braze depots for the target elements no cracking of the CFC material took place and a good thermal performance up to power loads of more than 10 MW/m2 has been achieved.

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