Thinking, drinking, and driving: Application of the theory of reasoned action to DWI prevention

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study drew upon the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to predict the intention to drive while intoxicated (DWI). Four hypotheses were tested using telephone survey data from a random sample of 1,259 adult residents of Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Results showed the TRA to be predictive across a diversity of social groups. Contrary to hypotheses, subjective norms were a more powerful predictor than attitudes, and the perceived severity of DWI penalties was positively correlated with DWI intention, a paradoxical result that was explained with reference to the social environment of likely DWI offenders. The results suggest that anti-DWI public-information campaigns should stress the importance of informal social influence against drunk driving, rather than merely the legal penalties for drinking and driving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2217-2232
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Social Environment
Telephone
Driving Under the Influence
Drive
Thinking
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

@article{957d1eeaf8364b3c94e1d1b8506e505d,
title = "Thinking, drinking, and driving: Application of the theory of reasoned action to DWI prevention",
abstract = "This study drew upon the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to predict the intention to drive while intoxicated (DWI). Four hypotheses were tested using telephone survey data from a random sample of 1,259 adult residents of Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Results showed the TRA to be predictive across a diversity of social groups. Contrary to hypotheses, subjective norms were a more powerful predictor than attitudes, and the perceived severity of DWI penalties was positively correlated with DWI intention, a paradoxical result that was explained with reference to the social environment of likely DWI offenders. The results suggest that anti-DWI public-information campaigns should stress the importance of informal social influence against drunk driving, rather than merely the legal penalties for drinking and driving.",
author = "Gastil, {John W.}",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02433.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "2217--2232",
journal = "Journal of Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0021-9029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "11",

}

Thinking, drinking, and driving : Application of the theory of reasoned action to DWI prevention. / Gastil, John W.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 11, 01.01.2000, p. 2217-2232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thinking, drinking, and driving

T2 - Application of the theory of reasoned action to DWI prevention

AU - Gastil, John W.

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - This study drew upon the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to predict the intention to drive while intoxicated (DWI). Four hypotheses were tested using telephone survey data from a random sample of 1,259 adult residents of Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Results showed the TRA to be predictive across a diversity of social groups. Contrary to hypotheses, subjective norms were a more powerful predictor than attitudes, and the perceived severity of DWI penalties was positively correlated with DWI intention, a paradoxical result that was explained with reference to the social environment of likely DWI offenders. The results suggest that anti-DWI public-information campaigns should stress the importance of informal social influence against drunk driving, rather than merely the legal penalties for drinking and driving.

AB - This study drew upon the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to predict the intention to drive while intoxicated (DWI). Four hypotheses were tested using telephone survey data from a random sample of 1,259 adult residents of Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Results showed the TRA to be predictive across a diversity of social groups. Contrary to hypotheses, subjective norms were a more powerful predictor than attitudes, and the perceived severity of DWI penalties was positively correlated with DWI intention, a paradoxical result that was explained with reference to the social environment of likely DWI offenders. The results suggest that anti-DWI public-information campaigns should stress the importance of informal social influence against drunk driving, rather than merely the legal penalties for drinking and driving.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034562125&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034562125&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02433.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02433.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0034562125

VL - 30

SP - 2217

EP - 2232

JO - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0021-9029

IS - 11

ER -