Thiophene-based polyphosphazenes with tunable optoelectronic properties

Kennedy S. Ogueri, Kenneth S. Ogueri, Cato T. Laurencin, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The polyphosphazene backbone provides a versatile platform to explore numerous synthesis and structure–property relationships for many technological applications. In this study, a new class of polyphosphazene semiconducting materials was synthesized via macromolecular substitution, which integrates a -P=N- backbone with thiophene-based side groups. The synthesized thiophene-based polymers were subjected to chemical oxidation (oxidative coupling) to optimize their optoelectronic properties through side-chain chemistry. Both the spectroscopic and electronic analyses revealed that optical and electronic properties, as well as glass transition temperatures could be modulated by chemical oxidation of the polymers. The suitability of the polymers as potential semiconductors was further evaluated using their steady-state fluorescence quenching behavior in the presence of four different dopants (PC70BM, PC60BM, F4TCNQ, and TCNQ). It was found that the addition of dopant as a quencher to the polymer solutions does not form a complex in the ground state, and its excited state shows an efficient decrease in fluorescence intensity without altering the shape and peak position of the fluorescence band. The overall results demonstrate that the utilization of chemical oxidation via side-chain chemistry of polyphosphazenes offers an adaptable toolbox that can be used to make new and potentially useful polymeric semiconductors for applications in organic electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3294-3310
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Polymer Science
Volume58
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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