Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique

Wenjun Gu, Weizhi Zhang, Jin Wang, M. R. Amini Kashani, Mohsen Kavehrad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past decade, location based services (LBS) have found their wide applications in indoor environments, such as large shopping malls, hospitals, warehouses, airports, etc. Current technologies provide wide choices of available solutions, which include Radio-frequency identification (RFID), Ultra wideband (UWB), wireless local area network (WLAN) and Bluetooth. With the rapid development of light-emitting-diodes (LED) technology, visible light communications (VLC) also bring a practical approach to LBS. As visible light has a better immunity against multipath effect than radio waves, higher positioning accuracy is achieved. LEDs are utilized both for illumination and positioning purpose to realize relatively lower infrastructure cost. In this paper, an indoor positioning system using VLC is proposed, with LEDs as transmitters and photo diodes as receivers. The algorithm for estimation is based on received-signalstrength (RSS) information collected from photo diodes and trilateration technique. By appropriately making use of the characteristics of receiver movements and the property of trilateration, estimation on three-dimensional (3-D) coordinates is attained. Filtering technique is applied to enable tracking capability of the algorithm, and a higher accuracy is reached compare to raw estimates. Gaussian mixture Sigma-point particle filter (GM-SPPF) is proposed for this 3-D system, which introduces the notion of Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM). The number of particles in the filter is reduced by approximating the probability distribution with Gaussian components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBroadband Access Communication Technologies IX
EditorsBenjamin B. Dingel, Katsutoshi Tsukamoto
PublisherSPIE
Volume9387
ISBN (Electronic)9781628414776
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventBroadband Access Communication Technologies IX - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 10 2015Feb 12 2015

Other

OtherBroadband Access Communication Technologies IX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2/10/152/12/15

Fingerprint

Gaussian Mixture
Particle Filter
positioning
Positioning
Light emitting diodes
Location based services
light emitting diodes
Photodiode
filters
Three-dimensional
optical communication
Diodes
Receiver
receivers
diodes
Shopping centers
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
Bluetooth
Radio waves
airports

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Gu, W., Zhang, W., Wang, J., Amini Kashani, M. R., & Kavehrad, M. (2015). Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique. In B. B. Dingel, & K. Tsukamoto (Eds.), Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX (Vol. 9387). [93870O] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076607
Gu, Wenjun ; Zhang, Weizhi ; Wang, Jin ; Amini Kashani, M. R. ; Kavehrad, Mohsen. / Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique. Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX. editor / Benjamin B. Dingel ; Katsutoshi Tsukamoto. Vol. 9387 SPIE, 2015.
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Gu, W, Zhang, W, Wang, J, Amini Kashani, MR & Kavehrad, M 2015, Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique. in BB Dingel & K Tsukamoto (eds), Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX. vol. 9387, 93870O, SPIE, Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX, San Francisco, United States, 2/10/15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076607

Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique. / Gu, Wenjun; Zhang, Weizhi; Wang, Jin; Amini Kashani, M. R.; Kavehrad, Mohsen.

Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX. ed. / Benjamin B. Dingel; Katsutoshi Tsukamoto. Vol. 9387 SPIE, 2015. 93870O.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Gu W, Zhang W, Wang J, Amini Kashani MR, Kavehrad M. Three dimensional indoor positioning based on visible light with Gaussian mixture sigma-point particle filter technique. In Dingel BB, Tsukamoto K, editors, Broadband Access Communication Technologies IX. Vol. 9387. SPIE. 2015. 93870O https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076607