Three-dimensional modelling and full-scale testing of stone arch bridges

Paul J. Fanning, Thomas E. Boothby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Existing test results of full-scale in-service masonry arch bridges are analysed to determine appropriate material properties for the modelling of this structural type. Three-dimensional nonlinear finite element models of three masonry arch bridges are generated using a commercially available finite element package. The behaviour of the masonry is replicated by use of a solid element that can have its stiffness modified by the development of cracks and crushing. The fill is modelled as a Drucker-Prager material, and the interface between the masonry and the fill is characterised as a frictional contact surface. The bridges are modelled under service loads, and the model results are compared to the results of a program of field testing of the structures. It is found that the assumption of a reasonable set of material properties, based on visual observations of the material and construction of the structure, implemented through a program of three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis enable good predictions of the actual behaviour of a masonry arch bridge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2645-2662
Number of pages18
JournalComputers and Structures
Volume79
Issue number29-30
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2001

Fingerprint

Masonry bridges
Arch bridges
Masonry
Arch
Three-dimensional
Testing
Materials properties
Modeling
Nonlinear Finite Element
Material Properties
Crushing
Stiffness
Frictional Contact
Cracks
Finite element method
Finite Element Model
Crack
Finite Element
Prediction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

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Three-dimensional modelling and full-scale testing of stone arch bridges. / Fanning, Paul J.; Boothby, Thomas E.

In: Computers and Structures, Vol. 79, No. 29-30, 07.11.2001, p. 2645-2662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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