Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response

Huachen Cui, Ryan Hensleigh, Desheng Yao, Deepam Maurya, Prashant Kumar, Min-Gyu Kang, Shashank Priya, Xiaoyu (Rayne) Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Piezoelectric coefficients are constrained by the intrinsic crystal structure of the constituent material. Here we describe design and manufacturing routes to previously inaccessible classes of piezoelectric materials that have arbitrary piezoelectric coefficient tensors. Our scheme is based on the manipulation of electric displacement maps from families of structural cell patterns. We implement our designs by additively manufacturing free-form, perovskite-based piezoelectric nanocomposites with complex three-dimensional architectures. The resulting voltage response of the activated piezoelectric metamaterials at a given mode can be selectively suppressed, reversed or enhanced with applied stress. Additionally, these electromechanical metamaterials achieve high specific piezoelectric constants and tailorable flexibility using only a fraction of their parent materials. This strategy may be applied to create the next generation of intelligent infrastructure, able to perform a variety of structural and functional tasks, including simultaneous impact absorption and monitoring, three-dimensional pressure mapping and directionality detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalNature Materials
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

3D printers
Piezoelectric materials
Metamaterials
printing
Anisotropy
manufacturing
anisotropy
coefficients
Perovskite
Tensors
manipulators
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
flexibility
Crystal structure
routes
tensors
crystal structure
Monitoring
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cui, H., Hensleigh, R., Yao, D., Maurya, D., Kumar, P., Kang, M-G., ... Zheng, X. R. (2019). Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response. Nature Materials, 18(3), 234-241. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0268-1
Cui, Huachen ; Hensleigh, Ryan ; Yao, Desheng ; Maurya, Deepam ; Kumar, Prashant ; Kang, Min-Gyu ; Priya, Shashank ; Zheng, Xiaoyu (Rayne). / Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response. In: Nature Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 234-241.
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Cui, H, Hensleigh, R, Yao, D, Maurya, D, Kumar, P, Kang, M-G, Priya, S & Zheng, XR 2019, 'Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response', Nature Materials, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 234-241. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0268-1

Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response. / Cui, Huachen; Hensleigh, Ryan; Yao, Desheng; Maurya, Deepam; Kumar, Prashant; Kang, Min-Gyu; Priya, Shashank; Zheng, Xiaoyu (Rayne).

In: Nature Materials, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 234-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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