Three-dimensional stretchable fabric-based electrode for supercapacitors prepared by electrostatic flocking

Xiaoyan Li, Jun Wang, Kangkang Wang, Jiming Yao, Hongjie Bian, Kaili Song, Sridhar Komarneni, Zaisheng Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The three-dimensional vertical-array scaffolds can be constructed by electrostatic flocking with quite high efficiency and low cost for large-area applications. Herein, we have fabricated stretchable and highly conductive fabric base resulting from the strong interaction between acid-functionalized carbon nanotubes (AC-MWNTs) and cationic cotton/spandex fabric. Then the electrostatic flocking was applied for the first time to implant vertical arrays of carbon fibers onto conductive fabrics, accompanied by deposition of nano-MnO2 to construct 3D stretchable fabric-based electrode with multistage array structure (MnO2@C-MC/S1-2). The composite binder-free electrode provided high conductivity and capacitive efficiency as well as the ideal electrochemical reversibility under tension. Furthermore, asymmetric solid-state supercapacitors were assembled using MnO2@C-MC/S1-2 as the positive electrode, C-MC/S1 with higher C1 loaded as the negative electrode, which exhibited maximum energy density of 1.70 mWh/cm2 (at a power density of 21.82 mW/cm2) and power density of 347.34 mW/cm2 (at an energy density of 0.91 mWh/cm2). The facile electrostatic flocking process with simplicity of operation and economic efficiency is both straightforward and cost-effective for fabricating three-dimensional electrodes for wearable energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124442
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume390
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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