Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment

J. Adams, C. Adler, Z. Ahammed, C. Allgower, J. Amonett, B. D. Anderson, M. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L. S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V. V. Belaga, R. Bellwied, J. Berger, H. Bichsel, A. Billmeier, L. C. BlandC. O. Blyth, B. E. Bonner, M. Botje, A. Boucham, A. Brandin, A. Bravar, R. V. Cadman, X. Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, A. Cardenas, J. Carroll, J. Castillo, M. Castro, D. Cebra, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. Chen, S. P. Chernenko, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, B. Choi, W. Christie, J. P. Coffin, T. M. Cormier, M. Mora Corral, J. G. Cramer, H. J. Crawford, A. A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, J. E. Draper, V. B. Dunin, J. C. Dunlop, V. Eckardt, L. G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, P. Fachini, V. Faine, J. Faivre, R. Fatemi, K. Filimonov, E. Finch, Y. Fisyak, D. Flierl, K. J. Foley, J. Fu, C. A. Gagliardi, N. Gagunashvili, J. Gans, L. Gaudichet, M. Germain, F. Geurts, V. Ghazikhanian, O. Grachov, M. Guedon, S. M. Guertin, E. Gushin, T. D. Gutierrez, T. J. Hallman, D. Hardtke, J. W. Harris, M. Heinz, T. W. Henry, S. Heppelmann, T. Herston, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, G. W. Hoffmann, M. Horsley, H. Z. Huang, T. J. Humanic, G. Igo, A. Ishihara, P. Jacobs, W. W. Jacobs, M. Janik, I. Johnson, P. G. Jones, E. G. Judd, S. Kabana, M. Kaneta, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, J. Klay, S. R. Klein, A. Klyachko, T. Kollegger, A. S. Konstantinov, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, A. D. Kovalenko, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A. I. Kulikov, G. J. Kunde, C. L. Kunz, R. Kh Kutuev, A. A. Kuznetsov, M. A.C. Lamont, J. M. Landgraf, S. Lange, C. P. Lansdell, B. Lasiuk, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednický, V. M. Leontiev, M. J. LeVine, Q. Li, S. J. Lindenbaum, M. A. Lisa, F. Liu, L. Liu, Z. Liu, Q. J. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W. J. Llope, H. Long, R. S. Longacre, M. Lopez-Noriega, W. A. Love, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, J. Ma, Y. G. Ma, D. Magestro, R. Majka, S. Margetis, C. Markert, L. Martin, J. Marx, H. S. Matis, Yu A. Matulenko, T. S. McShane, F. Meissner, Yu Melnick, A. Meschanin, M. Messer, M. L. Miller, Z. Milosevich, N. G. Minaev, J. Mitchell, L. Molnar, C. F. Moore, V. Morozov, M. M. de Moura, M. G. Munhoz, J. M. Nelson, P. Nevski, V. A. Nikitin, L. V. Nogach, B. Norman, S. B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, G. Paic, S. U. Pandey, Y. Panebratsev, S. Y. Panitkin, A. I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, V. Perevoztchikov, W. Peryt, V. A. Petrov, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Porile, J. Porter, A. M. Poskanzer, E. Potrebenikova, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rai, G. Rakness, O. Ravel, R. L. Ray, S. V. Razin, D. Reichhold, J. G. Reid, G. Renault, F. Retiere, A. Ridiger, H. G. Ritter, J. B. Roberts, O. V. Rogachevski, J. L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, V. Rykov, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, I. Savin, J. Schambach, R. P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, L. S. Schroeder, K. Schweda, J. Seger, P. Seyboth, E. Shahaliev, K. E. Shestermanov, S. S. Shimanskii, F. Simon, G. Skoro, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, H. M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, E. J. Stephenson, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, C. Struck, A. A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, C. Suire, M. Šumbera, B. Surrow, T. J.M. Symons, A. Szanto de Toledo, P. Szarwas, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A. H. Tang, D. Thein, J. H. Thomas, M. Thompson, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, M. B. Tonjes, T. A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R. E. Tribble, V. Trofimov, O. Tsai, T. Ullrich, D. G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, A. M. Vander Molen, A. N. Vasiliev, S. E. Vigdor, S. A. Voloshin, M. Vznuzdaev, F. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Ward, J. W. Watson, R. Wells, G. D. Westfall, C. Whitten, H. Wieman, R. Willson, S. W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, N. Xu, Z. Xu, A. E. Yakutin, E. Yamamoto, J. Yang, P. Yepes, V. I. Yurevich, Y. V. Zanevski, I. Zborovský, H. Zhang, W. M. Zhang, R. Zoulkarneev, J. Zoulkarneeva, A. N. Zubarev

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Abstract

Data from the first physics run at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, [Formula presented] collisions at [Formula presented], have been analyzed by the STAR Collaboration using three-pion correlations with charged pions to study whether pions are emitted independently at freeze-out. We have made a high-statistics measurement of the three-pion correlation function and calculated the normalized three-particle correlator to obtain a quantitative measurement of the degree of chaoticity of the pion source. It is found that the degree of chaoticity seems to increase with increasing particle multiplicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume91
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

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ionic collisions
pions
stars
correlators
heavy ions
statistics
physics
collisions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Adams, J., Adler, C., Ahammed, Z., Allgower, C., Amonett, J., Anderson, B. D., ... Zubarev, A. N. (2003). Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment. Physical Review Letters, 91(26). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.262301
Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; Amonett, J. ; Anderson, B. D. ; Anderson, M. ; Arkhipkin, D. ; Averichev, G. S. ; Balewski, J. ; Barannikova, O. ; Barnby, L. S. ; Baudot, J. ; Bekele, S. ; Belaga, V. V. ; Bellwied, R. ; Berger, J. ; Bichsel, H. ; Billmeier, A. ; Bland, L. C. ; Blyth, C. O. ; Bonner, B. E. ; Botje, M. ; Boucham, A. ; Brandin, A. ; Bravar, A. ; Cadman, R. V. ; Cai, X. Z. ; Caines, H. ; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. ; Cardenas, A. ; Carroll, J. ; Castillo, J. ; Castro, M. ; Cebra, D. ; Chaloupka, P. ; Chattopadhyay, S. ; Chen, Y. ; Chernenko, S. P. ; Cherney, M. ; Chikanian, A. ; Choi, B. ; Christie, W. ; Coffin, J. P. ; Cormier, T. M. ; Corral, M. Mora ; Cramer, J. G. ; Crawford, H. J. ; Derevschikov, A. A. ; Didenko, L. ; Dietel, T. ; Draper, J. E. ; Dunin, V. B. ; Dunlop, J. C. ; Eckardt, V. ; Efimov, L. G. ; Emelianov, V. ; Engelage, J. ; Eppley, G. ; Erazmus, B. ; Fachini, P. ; Faine, V. ; Faivre, J. ; Fatemi, R. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finch, E. ; Fisyak, Y. ; Flierl, D. ; Foley, K. J. ; Fu, J. ; Gagliardi, C. A. ; Gagunashvili, N. ; Gans, J. ; Gaudichet, L. ; Germain, M. ; Geurts, F. ; Ghazikhanian, V. ; Grachov, O. ; Guedon, M. ; Guertin, S. M. ; Gushin, E. ; Gutierrez, T. D. ; Hallman, T. J. ; Hardtke, D. ; Harris, J. W. ; Heinz, M. ; Henry, T. W. ; Heppelmann, S. ; Herston, T. ; Hippolyte, B. ; Hirsch, A. ; Hjort, E. ; Hoffmann, G. W. ; Horsley, M. ; Huang, H. Z. ; Humanic, T. J. ; Igo, G. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobs, P. ; Jacobs, W. W. ; Janik, M. ; Johnson, I. ; Jones, P. G. ; Judd, E. G. ; Kabana, S. ; Kaneta, M. ; Kaplan, M. ; Keane, D. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kisiel, A. ; Klay, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Klyachko, A. ; Kollegger, T. ; Konstantinov, A. S. ; Kopytine, M. ; Kotchenda, L. ; Kovalenko, A. D. ; Kramer, M. ; Kravtsov, P. ; Krueger, K. ; Kuhn, C. ; Kulikov, A. I. ; Kunde, G. J. ; Kunz, C. L. ; Kutuev, R. Kh ; Kuznetsov, A. A. ; Lamont, M. A.C. ; Landgraf, J. M. ; Lange, S. ; Lansdell, C. P. ; Lasiuk, B. ; Laue, F. ; Lauret, J. ; Lebedev, A. ; Lednický, R. ; Leontiev, V. M. ; LeVine, M. J. ; Li, Q. ; Lindenbaum, S. J. ; Lisa, M. A. ; Liu, F. ; Liu, L. ; Liu, Z. ; Liu, Q. J. ; Ljubicic, T. ; Llope, W. J. ; Long, H. ; Longacre, R. S. ; Lopez-Noriega, M. ; Love, W. A. ; Ludlam, T. ; Lynn, D. ; Ma, J. ; Ma, Y. G. ; Magestro, D. ; Majka, R. ; Margetis, S. ; Markert, C. ; Martin, L. ; Marx, J. ; Matis, H. S. ; Matulenko, Yu A. ; McShane, T. S. ; Meissner, F. ; Melnick, Yu ; Meschanin, A. ; Messer, M. ; Miller, M. L. ; Milosevich, Z. ; Minaev, N. G. ; Mitchell, J. ; Molnar, L. ; Moore, C. F. ; Morozov, V. ; de Moura, M. M. ; Munhoz, M. G. ; Nelson, J. M. ; Nevski, P. ; Nikitin, V. A. ; Nogach, L. V. ; Norman, B. ; Nurushev, S. B. ; Odyniec, G. ; Ogawa, A. ; Okorokov, V. ; Oldenburg, M. ; Olson, D. ; Paic, G. ; Pandey, S. U. ; Panebratsev, Y. ; Panitkin, S. Y. ; Pavlinov, A. I. ; Pawlak, T. ; Perevoztchikov, V. ; Peryt, W. ; Petrov, V. A. ; Picha, R. ; Planinic, M. ; Pluta, J. ; Porile, N. ; Porter, J. ; Poskanzer, A. M. ; Potrebenikova, E. ; Prindle, D. ; Pruneau, C. ; Putschke, J. ; Rai, G. ; Rakness, G. ; Ravel, O. ; Ray, R. L. ; Razin, S. V. ; Reichhold, D. ; Reid, J. G. ; Renault, G. ; Retiere, F. ; Ridiger, A. ; Ritter, H. G. ; Roberts, J. B. ; Rogachevski, O. V. ; Romero, J. L. ; Rose, A. ; Roy, C. ; Rykov, V. ; Sakrejda, I. ; Salur, S. ; Sandweiss, J. ; Savin, I. ; Schambach, J. ; Scharenberg, R. P. ; Schmitz, N. ; Schroeder, L. S. ; Schweda, K. ; Seger, J. ; Seyboth, P. ; Shahaliev, E. ; Shestermanov, K. E. ; Shimanskii, S. S. ; Simon, F. ; Skoro, G. ; Smirnov, N. ; Snellings, R. ; Sorensen, P. ; Sowinski, J. ; Spinka, H. M. ; Srivastava, B. ; Stephenson, E. J. ; Stock, R. ; Stolpovsky, A. ; Strikhanov, M. ; Stringfellow, B. ; Struck, C. ; Suaide, A. A.P. ; Sugarbaker, E. ; Suire, C. ; Šumbera, M. ; Surrow, B. ; Symons, T. J.M. ; Szanto de Toledo, A. ; Szarwas, P. ; Tai, A. ; Takahashi, J. ; Tang, A. H. ; Thein, D. ; Thomas, J. H. ; Thompson, M. ; Timoshenko, S. ; Tokarev, M. ; Tonjes, M. B. ; Trainor, T. A. ; Trentalange, S. ; Tribble, R. E. ; Trofimov, V. ; Tsai, O. ; Ullrich, T. ; Underwood, D. G. ; Van Buren, G. ; Vander Molen, A. M. ; Vasiliev, A. N. ; Vigdor, S. E. ; Voloshin, S. A. ; Vznuzdaev, M. ; Wang, F. ; Wang, Y. ; Ward, H. ; Watson, J. W. ; Wells, R. ; Westfall, G. D. ; Whitten, C. ; Wieman, H. ; Willson, R. ; Wissink, S. W. ; Witt, R. ; Wood, J. ; Xu, N. ; Xu, Z. ; Yakutin, A. E. ; Yamamoto, E. ; Yang, J. ; Yepes, P. ; Yurevich, V. I. ; Zanevski, Y. V. ; Zborovský, I. ; Zhang, H. ; Zhang, W. M. ; Zoulkarneev, R. ; Zoulkarneeva, J. ; Zubarev, A. N. / Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment. In: Physical Review Letters. 2003 ; Vol. 91, No. 26.
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title = "Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment",
abstract = "Data from the first physics run at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, [Formula presented] collisions at [Formula presented], have been analyzed by the STAR Collaboration using three-pion correlations with charged pions to study whether pions are emitted independently at freeze-out. We have made a high-statistics measurement of the three-pion correlation function and calculated the normalized three-particle correlator to obtain a quantitative measurement of the degree of chaoticity of the pion source. It is found that the degree of chaoticity seems to increase with increasing particle multiplicity.",
author = "J. Adams and C. Adler and Z. Ahammed and C. Allgower and J. Amonett and Anderson, {B. D.} and M. Anderson and D. Arkhipkin and Averichev, {G. S.} and J. Balewski and O. Barannikova and Barnby, {L. S.} and J. Baudot and S. Bekele and Belaga, {V. V.} and R. Bellwied and J. Berger and H. Bichsel and A. Billmeier and Bland, {L. C.} and Blyth, {C. O.} and Bonner, {B. E.} and M. Botje and A. Boucham and A. Brandin and A. Bravar and Cadman, {R. V.} and Cai, {X. Z.} and H. Caines and {Calder{\'o}n de la Barca S{\'a}nchez}, M. and A. Cardenas and J. Carroll and J. Castillo and M. Castro and D. Cebra and P. Chaloupka and S. Chattopadhyay and Y. Chen and Chernenko, {S. P.} and M. Cherney and A. Chikanian and B. Choi and W. Christie and Coffin, {J. P.} and Cormier, {T. M.} and Corral, {M. Mora} and Cramer, {J. G.} and Crawford, {H. J.} and Derevschikov, {A. A.} and L. Didenko and T. Dietel and Draper, {J. E.} and Dunin, {V. B.} and Dunlop, {J. C.} and V. Eckardt and Efimov, {L. G.} and V. Emelianov and J. Engelage and G. Eppley and B. Erazmus and P. Fachini and V. Faine and J. Faivre and R. Fatemi and K. Filimonov and E. Finch and Y. Fisyak and D. Flierl and Foley, {K. J.} and J. Fu and Gagliardi, {C. A.} and N. Gagunashvili and J. Gans and L. Gaudichet and M. Germain and F. Geurts and V. Ghazikhanian and O. Grachov and M. Guedon and Guertin, {S. M.} and E. Gushin and Gutierrez, {T. D.} and Hallman, {T. J.} and D. Hardtke and Harris, {J. W.} and M. Heinz and Henry, {T. W.} and S. Heppelmann and T. Herston and B. Hippolyte and A. Hirsch and E. Hjort and Hoffmann, {G. W.} and M. Horsley and Huang, {H. Z.} and Humanic, {T. J.} and G. Igo and A. Ishihara and P. Jacobs and Jacobs, {W. W.} and M. Janik and I. Johnson and Jones, {P. G.} and Judd, {E. G.} and S. Kabana and M. Kaneta and M. Kaplan and D. Keane and J. Kiryluk and A. Kisiel and J. Klay and Klein, {S. R.} and A. Klyachko and T. Kollegger and Konstantinov, {A. S.} and M. Kopytine and L. Kotchenda and Kovalenko, {A. D.} and M. Kramer and P. Kravtsov and K. Krueger and C. Kuhn and Kulikov, {A. I.} and Kunde, {G. J.} and Kunz, {C. L.} and Kutuev, {R. Kh} and Kuznetsov, {A. A.} and Lamont, {M. A.C.} and Landgraf, {J. M.} and S. Lange and Lansdell, {C. P.} and B. Lasiuk and F. Laue and J. Lauret and A. Lebedev and R. Lednick{\'y} and Leontiev, {V. M.} and LeVine, {M. J.} and Q. Li and Lindenbaum, {S. J.} and Lisa, {M. A.} and F. Liu and L. Liu and Z. Liu and Liu, {Q. J.} and T. Ljubicic and Llope, {W. J.} and H. Long and Longacre, {R. S.} and M. Lopez-Noriega and Love, {W. A.} and T. Ludlam and D. Lynn and J. Ma and Ma, {Y. G.} and D. Magestro and R. Majka and S. Margetis and C. Markert and L. Martin and J. Marx and Matis, {H. S.} and Matulenko, {Yu A.} and McShane, {T. S.} and F. Meissner and Yu Melnick and A. Meschanin and M. Messer and Miller, {M. L.} and Z. Milosevich and Minaev, {N. G.} and J. Mitchell and L. Molnar and Moore, {C. F.} and V. Morozov and {de Moura}, {M. M.} and Munhoz, {M. G.} and Nelson, {J. M.} and P. Nevski and Nikitin, {V. A.} and Nogach, {L. V.} and B. Norman and Nurushev, {S. B.} and G. Odyniec and A. Ogawa and V. Okorokov and M. Oldenburg and D. Olson and G. Paic and Pandey, {S. U.} and Y. Panebratsev and Panitkin, {S. Y.} and Pavlinov, {A. I.} and T. Pawlak and V. Perevoztchikov and W. Peryt and Petrov, {V. A.} and R. Picha and M. Planinic and J. Pluta and N. Porile and J. Porter and Poskanzer, {A. M.} and E. Potrebenikova and D. Prindle and C. Pruneau and J. Putschke and G. Rai and G. Rakness and O. Ravel and Ray, {R. L.} and Razin, {S. V.} and D. Reichhold and Reid, {J. G.} and G. Renault and F. Retiere and A. Ridiger and Ritter, {H. G.} and Roberts, {J. B.} and Rogachevski, {O. V.} and Romero, {J. L.} and A. Rose and C. Roy and V. Rykov and I. Sakrejda and S. Salur and J. Sandweiss and I. Savin and J. Schambach and Scharenberg, {R. P.} and N. Schmitz and Schroeder, {L. S.} and K. Schweda and J. Seger and P. Seyboth and E. Shahaliev and Shestermanov, {K. E.} and Shimanskii, {S. S.} and F. Simon and G. Skoro and N. Smirnov and R. Snellings and P. Sorensen and J. Sowinski and Spinka, {H. M.} and B. Srivastava and Stephenson, {E. J.} and R. Stock and A. Stolpovsky and M. Strikhanov and B. Stringfellow and C. Struck and Suaide, {A. A.P.} and E. Sugarbaker and C. Suire and M. Šumbera and B. Surrow and Symons, {T. J.M.} and {Szanto de Toledo}, A. and P. Szarwas and A. Tai and J. Takahashi and Tang, {A. H.} and D. Thein and Thomas, {J. H.} and M. Thompson and S. Timoshenko and M. Tokarev and Tonjes, {M. B.} and Trainor, {T. A.} and S. Trentalange and Tribble, {R. E.} and V. Trofimov and O. Tsai and T. Ullrich and Underwood, {D. G.} and {Van Buren}, G. and {Vander Molen}, {A. M.} and Vasiliev, {A. N.} and Vigdor, {S. E.} and Voloshin, {S. A.} and M. Vznuzdaev and F. Wang and Y. Wang and H. Ward and Watson, {J. W.} and R. Wells and Westfall, {G. D.} and C. Whitten and H. Wieman and R. Willson and Wissink, {S. W.} and R. Witt and J. Wood and N. Xu and Z. Xu and Yakutin, {A. E.} and E. Yamamoto and J. Yang and P. Yepes and Yurevich, {V. I.} and Zanevski, {Y. V.} and I. Zborovsk{\'y} and H. Zhang and Zhang, {W. M.} and R. Zoulkarneev and J. Zoulkarneeva and Zubarev, {A. N.}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.262301",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "26",

}

Adams, J, Adler, C, Ahammed, Z, Allgower, C, Amonett, J, Anderson, BD, Anderson, M, Arkhipkin, D, Averichev, GS, Balewski, J, Barannikova, O, Barnby, LS, Baudot, J, Bekele, S, Belaga, VV, Bellwied, R, Berger, J, Bichsel, H, Billmeier, A, Bland, LC, Blyth, CO, Bonner, BE, Botje, M, Boucham, A, Brandin, A, Bravar, A, Cadman, RV, Cai, XZ, Caines, H, Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M, Cardenas, A, Carroll, J, Castillo, J, Castro, M, Cebra, D, Chaloupka, P, Chattopadhyay, S, Chen, Y, Chernenko, SP, Cherney, M, Chikanian, A, Choi, B, Christie, W, Coffin, JP, Cormier, TM, Corral, MM, Cramer, JG, Crawford, HJ, Derevschikov, AA, Didenko, L, Dietel, T, Draper, JE, Dunin, VB, Dunlop, JC, Eckardt, V, Efimov, LG, Emelianov, V, Engelage, J, Eppley, G, Erazmus, B, Fachini, P, Faine, V, Faivre, J, Fatemi, R, Filimonov, K, Finch, E, Fisyak, Y, Flierl, D, Foley, KJ, Fu, J, Gagliardi, CA, Gagunashvili, N, Gans, J, Gaudichet, L, Germain, M, Geurts, F, Ghazikhanian, V, Grachov, O, Guedon, M, Guertin, SM, Gushin, E, Gutierrez, TD, Hallman, TJ, Hardtke, D, Harris, JW, Heinz, M, Henry, TW, Heppelmann, S, Herston, T, Hippolyte, B, Hirsch, A, Hjort, E, Hoffmann, GW, Horsley, M, Huang, HZ, Humanic, TJ, Igo, G, Ishihara, A, Jacobs, P, Jacobs, WW, Janik, M, Johnson, I, Jones, PG, Judd, EG, Kabana, S, Kaneta, M, Kaplan, M, Keane, D, Kiryluk, J, Kisiel, A, Klay, J, Klein, SR, Klyachko, A, Kollegger, T, Konstantinov, AS, Kopytine, M, Kotchenda, L, Kovalenko, AD, Kramer, M, Kravtsov, P, Krueger, K, Kuhn, C, Kulikov, AI, Kunde, GJ, Kunz, CL, Kutuev, RK, Kuznetsov, AA, Lamont, MAC, Landgraf, JM, Lange, S, Lansdell, CP, Lasiuk, B, Laue, F, Lauret, J, Lebedev, A, Lednický, R, Leontiev, VM, LeVine, MJ, Li, Q, Lindenbaum, SJ, Lisa, MA, Liu, F, Liu, L, Liu, Z, Liu, QJ, Ljubicic, T, Llope, WJ, Long, H, Longacre, RS, Lopez-Noriega, M, Love, WA, Ludlam, T, Lynn, D, Ma, J, Ma, YG, Magestro, D, Majka, R, Margetis, S, Markert, C, Martin, L, Marx, J, Matis, HS, Matulenko, YA, McShane, TS, Meissner, F, Melnick, Y, Meschanin, A, Messer, M, Miller, ML, Milosevich, Z, Minaev, NG, Mitchell, J, Molnar, L, Moore, CF, Morozov, V, de Moura, MM, Munhoz, MG, Nelson, JM, Nevski, P, Nikitin, VA, Nogach, LV, Norman, B, Nurushev, SB, Odyniec, G, Ogawa, A, Okorokov, V, Oldenburg, M, Olson, D, Paic, G, Pandey, SU, Panebratsev, Y, Panitkin, SY, Pavlinov, AI, Pawlak, T, Perevoztchikov, V, Peryt, W, Petrov, VA, Picha, R, Planinic, M, Pluta, J, Porile, N, Porter, J, Poskanzer, AM, Potrebenikova, E, Prindle, D, Pruneau, C, Putschke, J, Rai, G, Rakness, G, Ravel, O, Ray, RL, Razin, SV, Reichhold, D, Reid, JG, Renault, G, Retiere, F, Ridiger, A, Ritter, HG, Roberts, JB, Rogachevski, OV, Romero, JL, Rose, A, Roy, C, Rykov, V, Sakrejda, I, Salur, S, Sandweiss, J, Savin, I, Schambach, J, Scharenberg, RP, Schmitz, N, Schroeder, LS, Schweda, K, Seger, J, Seyboth, P, Shahaliev, E, Shestermanov, KE, Shimanskii, SS, Simon, F, Skoro, G, Smirnov, N, Snellings, R, Sorensen, P, Sowinski, J, Spinka, HM, Srivastava, B, Stephenson, EJ, Stock, R, Stolpovsky, A, Strikhanov, M, Stringfellow, B, Struck, C, Suaide, AAP, Sugarbaker, E, Suire, C, Šumbera, M, Surrow, B, Symons, TJM, Szanto de Toledo, A, Szarwas, P, Tai, A, Takahashi, J, Tang, AH, Thein, D, Thomas, JH, Thompson, M, Timoshenko, S, Tokarev, M, Tonjes, MB, Trainor, TA, Trentalange, S, Tribble, RE, Trofimov, V, Tsai, O, Ullrich, T, Underwood, DG, Van Buren, G, Vander Molen, AM, Vasiliev, AN, Vigdor, SE, Voloshin, SA, Vznuzdaev, M, Wang, F, Wang, Y, Ward, H, Watson, JW, Wells, R, Westfall, GD, Whitten, C, Wieman, H, Willson, R, Wissink, SW, Witt, R, Wood, J, Xu, N, Xu, Z, Yakutin, AE, Yamamoto, E, Yang, J, Yepes, P, Yurevich, VI, Zanevski, YV, Zborovský, I, Zhang, H, Zhang, WM, Zoulkarneev, R, Zoulkarneeva, J & Zubarev, AN 2003, 'Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment', Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, no. 26. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.262301

Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment. / Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Ahammed, Z.; Allgower, C.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B. D.; Anderson, M.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V. V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L. C.; Blyth, C. O.; Bonner, B. E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R. V.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.; Cardenas, A.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Castro, M.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S. P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, B.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J. P.; Cormier, T. M.; Corral, M. Mora; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Derevschikov, A. A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Draper, J. E.; Dunin, V. B.; Dunlop, J. C.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L. G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K. J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Grachov, O.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S. M.; Gushin, E.; Gutierrez, T. D.; Hallman, T. J.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J. W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T. W.; Heppelmann, S.; Herston, T.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P. G.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kaneta, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S. R.; Klyachko, A.; Kollegger, T.; Konstantinov, A. S.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A. D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A. I.; Kunde, G. J.; Kunz, C. L.; Kutuev, R. Kh; Kuznetsov, A. A.; Lamont, M. A.C.; Landgraf, J. M.; Lange, S.; Lansdell, C. P.; Lasiuk, B.; Laue, F.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednický, R.; Leontiev, V. M.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, Q.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, L.; Liu, Z.; Liu, Q. J.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Long, H.; Longacre, R. S.; Lopez-Noriega, M.; Love, W. A.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, J.; Ma, Y. G.; Magestro, D.; Majka, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Martin, L.; Marx, J.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McShane, T. S.; Meissner, F.; Melnick, Yu; Meschanin, A.; Messer, M.; Miller, M. L.; Milosevich, Z.; Minaev, N. G.; Mitchell, J.; Molnar, L.; Moore, C. F.; Morozov, V.; de Moura, M. M.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nelson, J. M.; Nevski, P.; Nikitin, V. A.; Nogach, L. V.; Norman, B.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldenburg, M.; Olson, D.; Paic, G.; Pandey, S. U.; Panebratsev, Y.; Panitkin, S. Y.; Pavlinov, A. I.; Pawlak, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Peryt, W.; Petrov, V. A.; Picha, R.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Porile, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potrebenikova, E.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Putschke, J.; Rai, G.; Rakness, G.; Ravel, O.; Ray, R. L.; Razin, S. V.; Reichhold, D.; Reid, J. G.; Renault, G.; Retiere, F.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevski, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Rykov, V.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Savin, I.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Schroeder, L. S.; Schweda, K.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shestermanov, K. E.; Shimanskii, S. S.; Simon, F.; Skoro, G.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stephenson, E. J.; Stock, R.; Stolpovsky, A.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Struck, C.; Suaide, A. A.P.; Sugarbaker, E.; Suire, C.; Šumbera, M.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J.M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Szarwas, P.; Tai, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Thompson, M.; Timoshenko, S.; Tokarev, M.; Tonjes, M. B.; Trainor, T. A.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Trofimov, V.; Tsai, O.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; Vander Molen, A. M.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vigdor, S. E.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vznuzdaev, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, Y.; Ward, H.; Watson, J. W.; Wells, R.; Westfall, G. D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Willson, R.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Wood, J.; Xu, N.; Xu, Z.; Yakutin, A. E.; Yamamoto, E.; Yang, J.; Yepes, P.; Yurevich, V. I.; Zanevski, Y. V.; Zborovský, I.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, W. M.; Zoulkarneev, R.; Zoulkarneeva, J.; Zubarev, A. N.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 91, No. 26, 01.01.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-pion hanbury brown–twiss correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the star experiment

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Adler, C.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Allgower, C.

AU - Amonett, J.

AU - Anderson, B. D.

AU - Anderson, M.

AU - Arkhipkin, D.

AU - Averichev, G. S.

AU - Balewski, J.

AU - Barannikova, O.

AU - Barnby, L. S.

AU - Baudot, J.

AU - Bekele, S.

AU - Belaga, V. V.

AU - Bellwied, R.

AU - Berger, J.

AU - Bichsel, H.

AU - Billmeier, A.

AU - Bland, L. C.

AU - Blyth, C. O.

AU - Bonner, B. E.

AU - Botje, M.

AU - Boucham, A.

AU - Brandin, A.

AU - Bravar, A.

AU - Cadman, R. V.

AU - Cai, X. Z.

AU - Caines, H.

AU - Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.

AU - Cardenas, A.

AU - Carroll, J.

AU - Castillo, J.

AU - Castro, M.

AU - Cebra, D.

AU - Chaloupka, P.

AU - Chattopadhyay, S.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Chernenko, S. P.

AU - Cherney, M.

AU - Chikanian, A.

AU - Choi, B.

AU - Christie, W.

AU - Coffin, J. P.

AU - Cormier, T. M.

AU - Corral, M. Mora

AU - Cramer, J. G.

AU - Crawford, H. J.

AU - Derevschikov, A. A.

AU - Didenko, L.

AU - Dietel, T.

AU - Draper, J. E.

AU - Dunin, V. B.

AU - Dunlop, J. C.

AU - Eckardt, V.

AU - Efimov, L. G.

AU - Emelianov, V.

AU - Engelage, J.

AU - Eppley, G.

AU - Erazmus, B.

AU - Fachini, P.

AU - Faine, V.

AU - Faivre, J.

AU - Fatemi, R.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finch, E.

AU - Fisyak, Y.

AU - Flierl, D.

AU - Foley, K. J.

AU - Fu, J.

AU - Gagliardi, C. A.

AU - Gagunashvili, N.

AU - Gans, J.

AU - Gaudichet, L.

AU - Germain, M.

AU - Geurts, F.

AU - Ghazikhanian, V.

AU - Grachov, O.

AU - Guedon, M.

AU - Guertin, S. M.

AU - Gushin, E.

AU - Gutierrez, T. D.

AU - Hallman, T. J.

AU - Hardtke, D.

AU - Harris, J. W.

AU - Heinz, M.

AU - Henry, T. W.

AU - Heppelmann, S.

AU - Herston, T.

AU - Hippolyte, B.

AU - Hirsch, A.

AU - Hjort, E.

AU - Hoffmann, G. W.

AU - Horsley, M.

AU - Huang, H. Z.

AU - Humanic, T. J.

AU - Igo, G.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobs, P.

AU - Jacobs, W. W.

AU - Janik, M.

AU - Johnson, I.

AU - Jones, P. G.

AU - Judd, E. G.

AU - Kabana, S.

AU - Kaneta, M.

AU - Kaplan, M.

AU - Keane, D.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kisiel, A.

AU - Klay, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Klyachko, A.

AU - Kollegger, T.

AU - Konstantinov, A. S.

AU - Kopytine, M.

AU - Kotchenda, L.

AU - Kovalenko, A. D.

AU - Kramer, M.

AU - Kravtsov, P.

AU - Krueger, K.

AU - Kuhn, C.

AU - Kulikov, A. I.

AU - Kunde, G. J.

AU - Kunz, C. L.

AU - Kutuev, R. Kh

AU - Kuznetsov, A. A.

AU - Lamont, M. A.C.

AU - Landgraf, J. M.

AU - Lange, S.

AU - Lansdell, C. P.

AU - Lasiuk, B.

AU - Laue, F.

AU - Lauret, J.

AU - Lebedev, A.

AU - Lednický, R.

AU - Leontiev, V. M.

AU - LeVine, M. J.

AU - Li, Q.

AU - Lindenbaum, S. J.

AU - Lisa, M. A.

AU - Liu, F.

AU - Liu, L.

AU - Liu, Z.

AU - Liu, Q. J.

AU - Ljubicic, T.

AU - Llope, W. J.

AU - Long, H.

AU - Longacre, R. S.

AU - Lopez-Noriega, M.

AU - Love, W. A.

AU - Ludlam, T.

AU - Lynn, D.

AU - Ma, J.

AU - Ma, Y. G.

AU - Magestro, D.

AU - Majka, R.

AU - Margetis, S.

AU - Markert, C.

AU - Martin, L.

AU - Marx, J.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - Matulenko, Yu A.

AU - McShane, T. S.

AU - Meissner, F.

AU - Melnick, Yu

AU - Meschanin, A.

AU - Messer, M.

AU - Miller, M. L.

AU - Milosevich, Z.

AU - Minaev, N. G.

AU - Mitchell, J.

AU - Molnar, L.

AU - Moore, C. F.

AU - Morozov, V.

AU - de Moura, M. M.

AU - Munhoz, M. G.

AU - Nelson, J. M.

AU - Nevski, P.

AU - Nikitin, V. A.

AU - Nogach, L. V.

AU - Norman, B.

AU - Nurushev, S. B.

AU - Odyniec, G.

AU - Ogawa, A.

AU - Okorokov, V.

AU - Oldenburg, M.

AU - Olson, D.

AU - Paic, G.

AU - Pandey, S. U.

AU - Panebratsev, Y.

AU - Panitkin, S. Y.

AU - Pavlinov, A. I.

AU - Pawlak, T.

AU - Perevoztchikov, V.

AU - Peryt, W.

AU - Petrov, V. A.

AU - Picha, R.

AU - Planinic, M.

AU - Pluta, J.

AU - Porile, N.

AU - Porter, J.

AU - Poskanzer, A. M.

AU - Potrebenikova, E.

AU - Prindle, D.

AU - Pruneau, C.

AU - Putschke, J.

AU - Rai, G.

AU - Rakness, G.

AU - Ravel, O.

AU - Ray, R. L.

AU - Razin, S. V.

AU - Reichhold, D.

AU - Reid, J. G.

AU - Renault, G.

AU - Retiere, F.

AU - Ridiger, A.

AU - Ritter, H. G.

AU - Roberts, J. B.

AU - Rogachevski, O. V.

AU - Romero, J. L.

AU - Rose, A.

AU - Roy, C.

AU - Rykov, V.

AU - Sakrejda, I.

AU - Salur, S.

AU - Sandweiss, J.

AU - Savin, I.

AU - Schambach, J.

AU - Scharenberg, R. P.

AU - Schmitz, N.

AU - Schroeder, L. S.

AU - Schweda, K.

AU - Seger, J.

AU - Seyboth, P.

AU - Shahaliev, E.

AU - Shestermanov, K. E.

AU - Shimanskii, S. S.

AU - Simon, F.

AU - Skoro, G.

AU - Smirnov, N.

AU - Snellings, R.

AU - Sorensen, P.

AU - Sowinski, J.

AU - Spinka, H. M.

AU - Srivastava, B.

AU - Stephenson, E. J.

AU - Stock, R.

AU - Stolpovsky, A.

AU - Strikhanov, M.

AU - Stringfellow, B.

AU - Struck, C.

AU - Suaide, A. A.P.

AU - Sugarbaker, E.

AU - Suire, C.

AU - Šumbera, M.

AU - Surrow, B.

AU - Symons, T. J.M.

AU - Szanto de Toledo, A.

AU - Szarwas, P.

AU - Tai, A.

AU - Takahashi, J.

AU - Tang, A. H.

AU - Thein, D.

AU - Thomas, J. H.

AU - Thompson, M.

AU - Timoshenko, S.

AU - Tokarev, M.

AU - Tonjes, M. B.

AU - Trainor, T. A.

AU - Trentalange, S.

AU - Tribble, R. E.

AU - Trofimov, V.

AU - Tsai, O.

AU - Ullrich, T.

AU - Underwood, D. G.

AU - Van Buren, G.

AU - Vander Molen, A. M.

AU - Vasiliev, A. N.

AU - Vigdor, S. E.

AU - Voloshin, S. A.

AU - Vznuzdaev, M.

AU - Wang, F.

AU - Wang, Y.

AU - Ward, H.

AU - Watson, J. W.

AU - Wells, R.

AU - Westfall, G. D.

AU - Whitten, C.

AU - Wieman, H.

AU - Willson, R.

AU - Wissink, S. W.

AU - Witt, R.

AU - Wood, J.

AU - Xu, N.

AU - Xu, Z.

AU - Yakutin, A. E.

AU - Yamamoto, E.

AU - Yang, J.

AU - Yepes, P.

AU - Yurevich, V. I.

AU - Zanevski, Y. V.

AU - Zborovský, I.

AU - Zhang, H.

AU - Zhang, W. M.

AU - Zoulkarneev, R.

AU - Zoulkarneeva, J.

AU - Zubarev, A. N.

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - Data from the first physics run at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, [Formula presented] collisions at [Formula presented], have been analyzed by the STAR Collaboration using three-pion correlations with charged pions to study whether pions are emitted independently at freeze-out. We have made a high-statistics measurement of the three-pion correlation function and calculated the normalized three-particle correlator to obtain a quantitative measurement of the degree of chaoticity of the pion source. It is found that the degree of chaoticity seems to increase with increasing particle multiplicity.

AB - Data from the first physics run at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, [Formula presented] collisions at [Formula presented], have been analyzed by the STAR Collaboration using three-pion correlations with charged pions to study whether pions are emitted independently at freeze-out. We have made a high-statistics measurement of the three-pion correlation function and calculated the normalized three-particle correlator to obtain a quantitative measurement of the degree of chaoticity of the pion source. It is found that the degree of chaoticity seems to increase with increasing particle multiplicity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4944232249&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4944232249&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.262301

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.262301

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4944232249

VL - 91

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 26

ER -