To determine the incidence and prognostic significance of thrombocytopenia among hemophiliacs, we analyzed clinical and hematologic data from the Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort study. Nineteen percent of HIV-infected subjects had thrombocytopenia (platelet count of <100,000/mm3) noted at least once, compared to 3% of HIV-uninfected subjects. For HIV-infected subjects, the prevalence of thrombocytopenia rose in the first 5 years after seroconversion and was twice as common in subjects age >35 years compared to younger subjects. The risk increased after an AIDS-defining illness, particularly among older subjects, nearly one-half of whom had thrombocytopenia within 1 year after AIDS. When adjusted for age and CD4-positive lymphocyte counts, thrombocytopenia was associated with an increased risk of death [relative risk (RR) 1.7, 95%CI = 1.2-2.3] but with little change in the risk of progression to AIDS (RR =1.2, 95%CI = 0.8-1.7). Treatment with zidovudine was associated with a decreased risk of thrombocytopenia (RR = 0.5, 95%CI = 0.3-0.7). Although 59 HIV-infected subjects died of hemorrhage, only 11 (19%) of the 59 had a reported platelet count of <50,000/mm3, and only 2 (3%) of the deaths were temporally associated with thrombocytopenia. Thus, the risk of death was increased for thrombocytopenic HIV-infected hemophiliacs but this was not explained by an increased risk of developing AIDS and was rarely associated with death from bleeding.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Hematology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1997|
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