Thy1 expression in the brain is affected by iron and is decreased in Restless Legs Syndrome

Xinsheng Wang, Jason Wiesinger, John Beard, Barbara Felt, Sharon Menzies, Christopher Earley, Richard Allen, James Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Thy-1 is a cell adhesion molecule that plays a regulatory role in the vesicular release of neurotransmitters. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between iron status and Thy1 expression in neuronal systems of varying complexity. Pheochromocytoma cell (PC12) cells were used to explore whether there was a direct relation between cellular iron status and Thy1 expression. Iron chelation significantly decreased expression of Thy1 in PC12 cells in a dose and time dependent manner. Transferrin receptor expression was increased with iron chelation demonstrating that a global decrease in protein synthesis could not account for the Thy1 changes. We also examined brain homogenates from adult rats that were nursed by dams on an iron deficient (ID) diet and found a significant decrease in Thy1 compared to control rats. Finally, the substantia nigra from individuals with Restless Legs Syndrome reportedly has lower than normal amounts of iron. Therefore, we examined this brain region from individuals with the clinical diagnosis of primary Restless Legs syndrome (RLS) and found the concentration of Thy1 was less than half that of controls. The results of these studies support the novel concept that there is a relationship between Thy1 and iron and point to a novel mechanism by which iron deficiency can affect brain function. They also indicate a possible mechanism by which iron deficiency compromises dopaminergic transmission in RLS, providing a potentially important link between decreased brain iron and the responsiveness to levodopa and iron supplementation treatment in RLS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume220
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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