Thyronectria balsamea on Abies fraseri in Pennsylvania and North Carolina

N. G. Wenner, W. Merrill, J. T. Moody

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

In August 1996, several 4- to 6-m-tall Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. in Adams County, PA, were found bearing numerous dead branches and/or dead tops. The trees had been severely stressed by being ball-and-burlapped and replanted in 1993. Distinct cankers occurred between the living and dead portions of stems and branches. Associated with these cankers were abundant, reddish-orange, erumpent stroma, each bearing three to 10 similarly colored cupulate ascomata. The latter contained asci bearing two to four large, muriform ascospores that, as they matured, formed large numbers of small ascoconidia, indicating the pathogen was Thyronectria balsamea (Cooke & Peck) Seeler (= Nectria balsamea Cooke & Peck). In September 1996, cankered dead stems and branches from affected A. frasrei Christmas tree plantations in Avery County, NC, were found bearing the same pathogen. This fungus is known on A. bal-samea (L.) Mill. from northern Minnesota east through Canada to northern New York and Newfoundland (2). Funk (1) reported it from A. lasio-carpa (Hook.) Nutt. in (presumably) British Columbia, but gave no details. This is the first report of it in the eastern United States south of northern New York, a considerable extension of its known range, and the first report of it from A. fraseri. Voucher specimens are in PACMA (Pennsylvania State University Mycologica Herbarium, Mont Alto Campus).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPlant disease
Volume81
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

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Commiphora
Abies fraseri
branches
cankers (plants)
Samea
Nectria
Christmas trees
ascomata
stems
Newfoundland and Labrador
asci
pathogens
ascospores
Southeastern United States
type collections
herbaria
British Columbia
plantations
Canada
fungi

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Thyronectria balsamea on Abies fraseri in Pennsylvania and North Carolina",
abstract = "In August 1996, several 4- to 6-m-tall Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. in Adams County, PA, were found bearing numerous dead branches and/or dead tops. The trees had been severely stressed by being ball-and-burlapped and replanted in 1993. Distinct cankers occurred between the living and dead portions of stems and branches. Associated with these cankers were abundant, reddish-orange, erumpent stroma, each bearing three to 10 similarly colored cupulate ascomata. The latter contained asci bearing two to four large, muriform ascospores that, as they matured, formed large numbers of small ascoconidia, indicating the pathogen was Thyronectria balsamea (Cooke & Peck) Seeler (= Nectria balsamea Cooke & Peck). In September 1996, cankered dead stems and branches from affected A. frasrei Christmas tree plantations in Avery County, NC, were found bearing the same pathogen. This fungus is known on A. bal-samea (L.) Mill. from northern Minnesota east through Canada to northern New York and Newfoundland (2). Funk (1) reported it from A. lasio-carpa (Hook.) Nutt. in (presumably) British Columbia, but gave no details. This is the first report of it in the eastern United States south of northern New York, a considerable extension of its known range, and the first report of it from A. fraseri. Voucher specimens are in PACMA (Pennsylvania State University Mycologica Herbarium, Mont Alto Campus).",
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Thyronectria balsamea on Abies fraseri in Pennsylvania and North Carolina. / Wenner, N. G.; Merrill, W.; Moody, J. T.

In: Plant disease, Vol. 81, No. 7, 01.12.1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thyronectria balsamea on Abies fraseri in Pennsylvania and North Carolina

AU - Wenner, N. G.

AU - Merrill, W.

AU - Moody, J. T.

PY - 1997/12/1

Y1 - 1997/12/1

N2 - In August 1996, several 4- to 6-m-tall Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. in Adams County, PA, were found bearing numerous dead branches and/or dead tops. The trees had been severely stressed by being ball-and-burlapped and replanted in 1993. Distinct cankers occurred between the living and dead portions of stems and branches. Associated with these cankers were abundant, reddish-orange, erumpent stroma, each bearing three to 10 similarly colored cupulate ascomata. The latter contained asci bearing two to four large, muriform ascospores that, as they matured, formed large numbers of small ascoconidia, indicating the pathogen was Thyronectria balsamea (Cooke & Peck) Seeler (= Nectria balsamea Cooke & Peck). In September 1996, cankered dead stems and branches from affected A. frasrei Christmas tree plantations in Avery County, NC, were found bearing the same pathogen. This fungus is known on A. bal-samea (L.) Mill. from northern Minnesota east through Canada to northern New York and Newfoundland (2). Funk (1) reported it from A. lasio-carpa (Hook.) Nutt. in (presumably) British Columbia, but gave no details. This is the first report of it in the eastern United States south of northern New York, a considerable extension of its known range, and the first report of it from A. fraseri. Voucher specimens are in PACMA (Pennsylvania State University Mycologica Herbarium, Mont Alto Campus).

AB - In August 1996, several 4- to 6-m-tall Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. in Adams County, PA, were found bearing numerous dead branches and/or dead tops. The trees had been severely stressed by being ball-and-burlapped and replanted in 1993. Distinct cankers occurred between the living and dead portions of stems and branches. Associated with these cankers were abundant, reddish-orange, erumpent stroma, each bearing three to 10 similarly colored cupulate ascomata. The latter contained asci bearing two to four large, muriform ascospores that, as they matured, formed large numbers of small ascoconidia, indicating the pathogen was Thyronectria balsamea (Cooke & Peck) Seeler (= Nectria balsamea Cooke & Peck). In September 1996, cankered dead stems and branches from affected A. frasrei Christmas tree plantations in Avery County, NC, were found bearing the same pathogen. This fungus is known on A. bal-samea (L.) Mill. from northern Minnesota east through Canada to northern New York and Newfoundland (2). Funk (1) reported it from A. lasio-carpa (Hook.) Nutt. in (presumably) British Columbia, but gave no details. This is the first report of it in the eastern United States south of northern New York, a considerable extension of its known range, and the first report of it from A. fraseri. Voucher specimens are in PACMA (Pennsylvania State University Mycologica Herbarium, Mont Alto Campus).

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