Although tremendous advances have been made in the development of evidence-based services and strategies to prevent and treat emotional and behavioral disorders (EBDs) in children, often such programs may be necessary but not sufficient to address the circumstances and needs of a specific student. The purpose of this introductory article and this broader special issue on the adaptation and individualization of evidence-based approaches for students with EBD is to consider innovations for tailoring multifactored interventions within tiered systems of support. In this article, we discuss potential ways that current tiered models may be strengthened using information and research strategies from developmental science to more rigorously link intervention to long-term outcomes of youth. We center this discussion on the concepts of developmental cascades and correlated constraints. We then present Tiered Systems of Adaptive Supports (TSAS) as a framework that is developmentally informed to guide individualized intervention. In this model, Tier 1 focuses on adapting general classroom strategies to support the routine daily functioning of all students; Tier 2 focuses on preventing the negative reorganization of a student’s developmental system; and Tier 3 focuses on promoting the positive reorganization of a student’s developmental system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health