Time-Resolved Faraday Rotation Spectroscopy of Spin Dynamics in Digital Magnetic Heterostructures

Scott A. Crooker, David D. Awschalom, Nitin Samarth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

A time-resolved resonant Faraday rotation spectroscopy is employed to study the dynamical interplay between local magnetic moments and photoexcited carrier spins in quantum-confined semiconductor geometries. This highly sensitive technique functions as an energy selective, noninvasive, all-optical probe of spin dynamics ranging from femtosecond to microsecond timescales and is particularly suited to low-dimensional systems having small numbers of magnetic spins. Carrier spin-scattering rates, lifetimes, and the orientation and relaxation of perturbed magnetic ions are directly observed in the time domain. The utility of this technique is demonstrated through the study of a newly developed class of magnetic heterostructure, in which fractional monolayer planes of magnetic Mn2+ ions are incorporated “digitally” into nonmagnetic II-VI ZnSe-ZnCdSe quantum wells. These digital magnetic heterostructures (DMH) possess large g-factors and exhibit enormous low-field resonant Faraday rotations in excess of 1.7 × 107 deg/T·cm at low temperatures. Time-resolved Faraday rotation measurements identify a wealth of unexpected electronic and magnetic spin dynamics that are different from those generated in traditional semiconductors or alloyed diluted magnetic semiconductor structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1082-1092
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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