Objective: To determine whether time to conception is increased among men who were formerly bilaterally or unilaterally cryptorchid compared with a group of matched control men. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Human volunteers in an academic research environment. Patient(s): Men who underwent orchidopexy between 1955 and 1971 at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh (n = 547) and a group of matched control men (n = 463) were surveyed by questionnaire. Result(s): Of the men who attempted paternity, the mean time to conception for the bilateral cases, unilateral cases, and control men was 33.90, 11.11, and 8.78 months, respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a significantly longer time to conception among bilateral cases compared with unilateral cases and controls, but not between unilateral cases and control men. Adjustment for confounders and covariates using a Cox Proportional Hazards model showed that former bilaterally cryptorchid men were 68% (95% CI = 55% to 81%) less likely than former unilaterally cryptorchid men or controls to conceive per month of unprotected intercourse. Conclusion(s): Time to conception was increased among former bilaterally cryptorchid men compared with both former unilaterally cryptorchid and control men. However, there were no significant differences in time to conception between the unilateral cryptorchid men and the control men.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology